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Platelet aggregation at sites of vascular injury is essential for hemostasis and arterial thrombosis. It has long been assumed that platelet aggregation and thrombus growth are initiated by soluble agonists generated at sites of vascular injury. By using high-resolution intravital imaging techniques and hydrodynamic analyses, we show that platelet(More)
A fundamental property of platelets is their ability to transmit cytoskeletal contractile forces to extracellular matrices. While the importance of the platelet contractile mechanism in regulating fibrin clot retraction is well established, its role in regulating the primary hemostatic response, independent of blood coagulation, remains ill defined.(More)
Disturbances of blood flow at sites of atherosclerotic plaque rupture are one of the key pathogenic events promoting platelet activation and arterial thrombus formation. Shear effects of platelets have been extensively investigated in vitro; however, the mechanisms by which shear promotes platelet aggregation in vivo remain incompletely understood. By(More)
Beta2-integrin clustering on activation is a key event in leukocyte adhesion to the endothelium during the inflammatory response. In the search for molecular mechanisms leading to this clustering, we have identified low-density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor-related protein (LRP) as a new partner for beta2-integrins at the leukocyte surface. Immobilized(More)
To explore the molecular basis of von Willebrand factor (VWF) clearance, an experimental model employing VWF-deficient mice was developed. Biodistribution was examined by the injection of radiolabeled VWF, which was primarily directed to the liver with minor amounts in other organs. Disappearance of VWF from plasma was characterized by a rapid initial phase(More)
Rupture of a vulnerable atherosclerotic plaque causes thrombus formation and precipitates cardiovascular diseases. In addition to the thrombogenic content of a plaque, also the hemodynamic microenvironment plays a major role in thrombus formation. How the altered hemodynamics around a plaque promote pathological thrombus formation is not well understood. In(More)
Platelet aggregation and thrombus formation at sites of atherosclerotic plaque rupture is a dynamic process that can lead to intermittent or permanent obstruction to blood flow, resulting in ischemic tissue injury and organ dysfunction. There is a growing body of evidence suggesting that the dynamics of platelet aggregation and initial thrombus development(More)
The multimeric glycoprotein von Willebrand factor (VWF) mediates platelet adhesion to collagen at sites of vascular damage. The binding site for collagen types I and III is located in the VWF-A3 domain. Recently, we showed that His(1023), located near the edge between the "front" and "bottom" faces of A3, is critical for collagen binding (Romijn, R. A.,(More)
Thrombosis promotes leukocyte infiltration into inflamed tissues, leading to organ injury in a broad range of diseases; however, the mechanisms by which thrombi guide leukocytes to sites of vascular injury remain ill-defined. Using mouse models of endothelial injury (traumatic or ischemia reperfusion), we demonstrate a distinct process of leukocyte(More)
BACKGROUND von Willebrand disease (VWD) is a bleeding disorder caused by the decrease of functional von Willebrand factor (VWF). Low levels of VWF can result from decreased synthesis, impaired secretion, increased clearance or combinations thereof. Several mutations lead to impaired synthesis or secretion of VWF, however, little is known about the survival(More)