Erik W Mandl

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To treat a cartilage defect with tissue-engineering techniques, multiplication of donor cells is essential. However, during this multiplication in monolayer expansion culture chondrocytes will lose their phenotype and produce matrix of inferior quality (dedifferentiation). Dedifferentiation occurs more extensively with low seeding densities and passaging.(More)
For tissue engineering of autologous cartilage, cell expansion is needed to obtain the cell numbers required. Standard expansion media contain bovine serum. This has several disadvantages, that is, the risk of transmitting diseases and serum-batch variations. The aim of this study was to find a serum-free medium with at least the same potential to expand(More)
Although several treatments for cartilage repair have been developed and used in clinical practice the last 20 years, little is known about the mechanisms that are involved in the formation of repair tissue after these treatments. Often, these treatments result in the formation of fibrocartilaginous tissue rather than normal articular cartilage. Because the(More)
The loss of the differentiated phenotype (dedifferentiation) during the expansion culture of donor chondrocytes remains a large problem in cartilage tissue engineering. Dedifferentiated chondrocytes produce other matrix components and therefore the tissue produced will be of less suitable quality. Previously, the addition of fibroblast growth factor-2(More)
Tissue engineering of cartilage consists of two steps. Firstly, the cells from a small biopsy of patient's own tissue have to be multiplied. During this multiplication process they lose their cartilage phenotype. In the second step, these cells have to be stimulated to re-express their cartilage phenotype and produce cartilage matrix. Growth factors can be(More)
Articular cartilage is often used for research on cartilage tissue engineering. However, ear cartilage is easier to harvest, with less donor-site morbidity. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether adult human ear chondrocytes were capable of producing cartilage after expansion in monolayer culture. Cell yield per gram of cartilage was twice as high(More)
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