Erik V. Mukerjee

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The separation of biological mixtures in open micro-channels using electrophoresis with rapid and simple coupling to mass spectrometry is introduced. Rapid open-access channel electrophoresis employs microchannels that are manufactured on microchips. Separation is performed in the open channels, and the chips are transferred to a matrix-assisted laser(More)
A compact and low-power microcantilever-based sensor array has been developed and used to detect various chemical vapor analytes. In contrast to earlier micro-electro-mechanical systems (MEMS) array sensors, this device uses the static deflection of piezoresistive cantilevers due to the swelling of glassy polyolefin coatings during sorption of chemical(More)
A microneedle array has been fabricated and applied to the measurement of transdermal skin potentials in human subjects. Potential changes were recorded in the vicinity of superficial wounds, confirming the generation of a lateral electric field in human skin. The measured electric field decays with distance from the wound edge, and is directed towards the(More)
Increased GABA-mediated neurotransmission, reported to occur in hepatic encephalopathy (HE), is associated with a decrease in the release of Met-enkephalin and the expression of its coding gene in the brain. Furthermore, patients with cirrhosis and a history of HE exhibit increased sensitivity to the neuroinhibitory effects of morphine. Thus, there is a(More)
Scientific studies in drug development and toxicology rely heavily on animal models, which often inaccurately predict the true response for human exposure. This may lead to unanticipated adverse effects or misidentified risks that result in, for example, drug candidate elimination. The utilization of human cells and tissues for in vitro physiological(More)
Here we describe the fabrication, testing, and improvement of glutamate sensors in direct contact with dorsal root ganglion cells for short-term tissue culture experiments. To establish the feasibility and utility of placing enzymatic glutamate sensors directly under cells in culture, we address the necessity of increasing sensor sensitivity, increasing(More)
Detection of pathogens and relevant genetic markers using their nucleic acid signatures is extremely common due to the inherent specificity genomic sequences provide. One approach for assaying a sample simultaneously for many different targets is the DNA microarray, which consists of several million short nucleic acid sequences (probes) bound to an(More)
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