Erik T. J. Nibbering

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The proton transfer mechanism between aqueous Brønsted acids and bases, forming an encounter pair, has been studied in real time with ultrafast infrared spectroscopy. The transient intermediacy of a hydrated proton, formed by ultrafast dissociation from an optically triggered photoacid proton donor ROH, is implicated by the appearance of an infrared(More)
The neutralization reaction between an acid and a base in water, triggered after optical excitation, was studied by femtosecond vibrational spectroscopy. Bimodal dynamics were observed. In hydrogen-bonded acid-base complexes, the proton transfer proceeds extremely fast (within 150 femtoseconds). In encounter pairs formed by diffusion of uncomplexed(More)
Ultrafast infrared transient absorption spectroscopy is used to study the photoinduced bimolecular electron transfer reaction between perylene in the first singlet excited state and 1,4-dicyanobenzene in acetonitrile and dichloromethane. Following vibrational marker modes on both donor and acceptor sides in real time provides direct insight into the(More)
Many of the unusual properties of liquid water are attributed to its unique structure, comprised of a random and fluctuating three-dimensional network of hydrogen bonds that link the highly polar water molecules. One of the most direct probes of the dynamics of this network is the infrared spectrum of the OH stretching vibration, which reflects the(More)
We present results of a femtosecond spectroscopy study of the ring-opening dynamics of the photochromic compound trimethyl-1'H-spiro[fluorene-9,1'-pyrrolo[1,2-b]pyridazines]-2',3',6'-tricarboxylate (also known as dihydroindolizine and abbreviated as DHI) in solvents of different polarities. We follow the ring-opening dynamics of photoexcited DHI by probing(More)
Despite the widespread importance of aqueous bicarbonate chemistry, its conjugate acid, carbonic acid, has remained uncharacterized in solution. Here we report the generation of deuterated carbonic acid in deuterium oxide solution by ultrafast protonation of bicarbonate and its persistence for nanoseconds. We follow the reaction dynamics upon(More)
We characterize the structural and electronic changes during the photoinduced enol-keto tautomerization of 2-(2'-hydroxyphenyl)-benzothiazole (HBT) in a nonpolar solvent (tetrachloroethene). We quantify the redistribution of electronic charge and intramolecular proton translocation in real time by combining UV-pump/IR-probe spectroscopy and quantum chemical(More)
The N-H stretching vibrations of adenine, one of the building blocks of DNA, are studied by combining infrared absorption and nonlinear two-dimensional infrared spectroscopy with ab initio calculations. We determine diagonal and off-diagonal anharmonicities of N-H stretching vibrations in chemically modified adenosine monomer dissolved in chloroform. For(More)
Ultrafast dynamics of OH stretching excitations of H2O confined in dioleoylphosphatidylcholine (DOPC) reverse micelles, a phospholipid model system, are studied in femtosecond pump-probe experiments. Measurements in a wide range of hydration show that spectral diffusion within the OH stretching band accelerates substantially with increasing water content.(More)