Learn More
Serum samples from lactating cows in a purebred Holstein herd were tested annually (from 1977 to 1980) for antibodies to bovine leukemia virus (BLV), using the agargel immunodiffusion test. Production and reproductive variables were obtained from Dairy Herd Improvement Association records. All milk and fat production values were converted to 3.5%(More)
The genital tract of 106 cows was evaluated after parturition by rectal palpation and by visual inspection of vaginal discharges. Analysis of these results revealed a significant (P less than 0.01) correlation with the ratings of endometrial biopsies. The most frequent bacterial isolations included Corynebacterium pyogenes, coliforms, or streptococci, or(More)
It has generally been assumed that bone mass is controlled by endocrine mechanisms and the local bone environment. Recent findings demonstrate that central pathways are involved in the regulation of bone mass. Estrogen is involved in the regulation of bone homeostasis and the CNS is also a target for estrogen actions. The aim of this study was to(More)
Ghrelin, a gut-brain signal, is well known to regulate energy homeostasis, food intake and appetite foremost via hypothalamic ghrelin receptors (GHS-R1A). In addition, ghrelin activates the reward systems in the brain, namely the mesolimbic dopamine system, and regulates thereby the rewarding properties of addictive drugs as well as of palatable foods.(More)
Numerous studies suggest (1) that a major physiological role of brain serotonin-containing neurons is to modulate sex steroid-driven behaviour such as sex and aggression, (2) that sex steroids influence brain serotonergic neurotransmission and (3) that brain serotonergic neurotransmission displays sexual dimorphism. Such observations indicate that an(More)
BACKGROUND The anxiety-reducing effect of long-term administration of serotonin reuptake inhibitors is usually seen only in subjects with anxiety disorders, and such patients are also abnormally inclined to experience a paradoxical anxiety-enhancing effect of acute serotonin reuptake inhibition. These unique responses to serotonin reuptake inhibitors in(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy is a specific liver disease of pregnancy of unknown cause. The serum bile acid profile has not been clearly described in this disease and the aim of this study was to investigate the serum conjugated bile acid profile. METHODS Thirteen patients with intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy were studied.(More)
Cholesterol deficiency, a new autosomal recessive inherited genetic defect in Holstein cattle, has been recently reported to have an influence on the rearing success of calves. The affected animals show unresponsive diarrhea accompanied by hypocholesterolemia and usually die within the first weeks or months of life. Here, we show that whole genome(More)
In addition to food intake and energy balance regulation, ghrelin mediate the rewarding and motivational properties of palatable food as well as addictive drugs. The ability of ghrelin to regulate reinforcement involves the cholinergic-dopaminergic reward link, which encompasses a cholinergic projection from the laterodorsal tegmental area (LDTg) to the(More)