BACKGROUND The field of proteomics aims to characterize dynamics in protein function on a global level. However, several classes of proteins, in particular low abundance proteins, remain difficult to characterize using standard proteomics technologies. Recently, chemical strategies have emerged that profile classes of proteins based on activity rather than… (More)
With complete genome sequences now available for several prokaryotic and eukaryotic organisms, biological researchers are charged with the task of assigning molecular and cellular functions to thousands of predicted gene products. To address this problem, the field of proteomics seeks to develop and apply methods for the global analysis of protein… (More)
Chemical probes that covalently modify the active sites of enzymes in complex proteomes are useful tools for identifying enzyme activities associated with discrete (patho) physiological states. Researchers in proteomics typically use two types of activity-based probes to fulfill complementary objectives: fluorescent probes for rapid and sensitive target… (More)
Cyclostreptin (1), a natural product from Streptomyces sp. 9885, irreversibly stabilizes cellular microtubules, causes cell cycle arrest, evades drug resistance mediated by P-glycoprotein in a tumor cell line and potently inhibits paclitaxel binding to microtubules, yet it only weakly induces tubulin assembly. In trying to understand this paradox, we… (More)
OBJECTIVE To study the status of oxidative stress and DNA damage repair in circulating blood leukocytes of heart failure patients supported by continuous flow left ventricular assist devices (LVADs). MATERIALS AND METHODS Ten HF patients implanted with LVAD as bridge to transplant or destination therapy were enrolled in the study and 10 age and sex… (More)
Cyclostreptin (FR182877), a bacterial natural product, was reported to have weak paclitaxel-like activity with tubulin but antitumor activity in vivo. We used synthetic cyclostreptin in studies of its mechanism of action. Although less potent than paclitaxel in several human cancer cell lines, cyclostreptin was active against cells resistant to paclitaxel… (More)
The dehydrogenation of unactivated alkanes is an important transformation both in industrial and biological systems. Recent efforts towards this reaction have revolved around high temperature, organometallic C-H activation by noble metal catalysts that produce alkenes and hydrogen gas as the sole products. Conversely, natural desaturase systems proceed… (More)
In this article, the history of the art and science of organic and natural products synthesis is briefly reviewed and the state of the art is discussed. The impact of this discipline on biology and medicine is amply demonstrated with examples, and projections for future developments in the field are made.