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BACKGROUND The purpose of this study was to investigate whether rats dosed with serotonin develop changes similar to those seen in human carcinoid heart disease. METHODS AND RESULTS Ten Sprague-Dawley rats were given serotonin injections subcutaneously once daily for 3 months; controls were given saline. A long-lasting hyperserotoninemia with a >10-fold(More)
BACKGROUND Contents of the epithelial lining fluid (ELF) of the bronchi are of central interest in lung diseases, acute lung injury and pharmacology. The most commonly used technique broncheoalveolar lavage is invasive and may cause lung injury. Microdialysis (MD) is a method for continuous sampling of extracellular molecules in the immediate surroundings(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate microdialysis as a method to assess different degrees of intestinal damage and recovery during ischemia and reperfusion; to evaluate information obtained from microdialysis catheters in the peritoneum, the gut wall, and the gut lumen. DESIGN Randomized, controlled animal experiment. SETTING University laboratory animal center. (More)
To evaluate the use of gut luminal microdialysis as a tool for monitoring ischaemic metabolites, particularly glycerol, as markers of intestinal dysfunction during and after intestinal ischaemia. A randomised, controlled animal experiment. National laboratory animal centre. In seven pigs the thoracic aorta was cross-clamped for 60 min followed by 2 h of(More)
BACKGROUND The mucosal surface epithelium is an essential part of the functional intestinal barrier, but its structural response to ischemia/reperfusion is only partly characterized. The purpose of this study was to provide a detailed morphological evaluation of intestinal surface epithelium after aortic cross-clamping. MATERIAL AND METHODS Pigs were(More)
The aim of the present study was to investigate the influence of a prolonged initial intestinal ischemic insult on transmucosal permeability after a subsequent ischemic event and whether microdialysis of biomarkers released to the gut lumen is able to reflect changes in intestinal permeability. The superior mesenteric artery was cross-clamped for 60 min(More)
BACKGROUND Tight blood glucose control is used extensively in perioperative and critically ill patients. Several studies, however, have shown contradictory effects on patient outcomes. A major problem of these studies has been inadequate control of the prime variable, blood glucose. This paper describes the validation of a new intravascular continuous blood(More)
BACKGROUND Staphylococcus aureus is one of the most common and lethal causes of bloodstream infection and the incidence is increasing. We carried out a prospective observational study of patients with Staphylococcus aureus bloodstream infection and sepsis in Nord-Trøndelag county in Norway from 1996-2011. The main outcome of interest was all-cause mortality(More)
New evidence suggests a control of bone mass by the central nervous system. We have previously shown that functional serotonin receptors are present in bone cells and that serotonin stimulates proliferation of osteoblast precursor cells in vitro. In the present study we investigated the effects of serotonin on bone tissue in vivo. Ten, 2-month-old female(More)
The aim of this prospective study was to determine the feasibility of intestinal endoluminal microdialysis as a new method for clinical monitoring of the adequacy of splanchnic perfusion in the large bowel. A microdialysis catheter for continuous lactate, glycerol, glucose and pyruvate measurements attached to a tonometric catheter was placed into the lumen(More)