Erik Sandblom

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Measurements of aerobic scope [the difference between minimum and maximum oxygen consumption rate ( and , respectively)] are increasing in prevalence as a tool to address questions relating to fish ecology and the effects of climate change. However, there are underlying issues regarding the array of methods used to measure aerobic scope across studies and(More)
This study was undertaken to provide a comprehensive set of data relevant to disclosing the physiological effects and possible oxygen transport limitations in the Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) during an acute temperature change. Fish were instrumented with a blood flow probe around the ventral aorta and catheters in the dorsal aorta and sinus(More)
The mechanism underlying the decrease in aerobic scope in fish at warm temperatures is not fully understood and is the focus of this research. Our study examined oxygen uptake and delivery in resting, swimming and recovering sockeye salmon while water temperature was acutely increased from 15 degrees C to 24 degrees C in 2 degrees C h(-1) increments. Fish(More)
The intestine is one of the major osmoregulatory organs in fish. During the salmon parr–smolt transformation, the intestine must change its functions from the freshwater (FW) role of preventing water inflow, to the seawater (SW) role of actively absorbing ions and water. This development can be assessed as an increased intestinal fluid transport (Jv) during(More)
Monitoring the physiological status and behaviour of free-swimming fishes remains a challenging task, although great promise stems from techniques such as biologging and biotelemetry. Here, implanted data loggers were used to simultaneously measure heart rate (f H), visceral temperature, and a derivation of acceleration in two groups of wild adult sockeye(More)
The baroreflex was triggered by altering branchial blood pressure with pre- and post-branchial occlusions for 30 s in rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss. The cardiac limb of the baroreflex was monitored by continuous heart rate (f(H)) measurements. Responses of venous capacitance vessels were assessed, immediately following either occlusion, by measuring(More)
As a consequence of increasing atmospheric CO2, the world's oceans are becoming warmer and more acidic. Whilst the ecological effects of these changes are poorly understood, it has been suggested that fish performance including growth will be reduced mainly as a result of limitations in oxygen transport capacity. Contrary to the predictions given by the(More)
Many ectotherms regularly experience considerable short-term variations in environmental temperature, which affects their body temperature. Here we investigate the cardiovascular responses to a stepwise acute temperature increase from 10 to 13 and 16 degrees C in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Cardiac output increased by 20 and 31% at 13 and 16(More)
In trout and salmon, the metabolic costs of exercise and feeding are additive, which would suggest that gastrointestinal blood flow during exercise is maintained to preserve digestive and absorptive processes related to the specific dynamic action (SDA) of food. However, in most published studies, gastrointestinal blood flow drops during swimming, hypoxia,(More)
The autonomic nervous system has a central role in the control and co-ordination of the cardiovascular system in all vertebrates. In fish, which represent the largest and most diverse vertebrate group, the autonomic control of the circulation displays a vast variation with a number of interesting deviations from the typical vertebrate pattern. This(More)