Erik R. Farquhar

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The recently discovered fungal and bacterial polysaccharide monooxygenases (PMOs) are capable of oxidatively cleaving chitin, cellulose, and hemicelluloses that contain β(1→4) linkages between glucose or substituted glucose units. They are also known collectively as lytic PMOs, or LPMOs, and individually as AA9 (formerly GH61), AA10 (formerly CBM33), and(More)
Aminopeptidases are key enzymes involved in the regulation of signaling peptide activity. Here, we present a detailed biochemical and structural analysis of an evolutionary highly conserved aspartyl aminopeptidase called DNPEP. We show that this peptidase can cleave multiple physiologically relevant substrates, including angiotensins, and thus may play a(More)
High versus low: The high-yield generation of a synthetic high-spin oxoiron(IV) complex, [Fe(IV)(O)(TMG(3)tren)](2+) (see picture, TMG(3)tren = 1,1,1-tris{2-[N2-(1,1,3,3-tetramethylguanidino)]ethyl}amine), has been achieved by using the very bulky tetradentate TMG(3)tren ligand, in order to both sterically protect the oxoiron(IV) moiety and enforce a(More)
The controlled cleavage of strong C-H bonds like those of methane poses a significant challenge for chemists. In nature methane is oxidized to methanol by soluble methane monooxygenase via a diiron(IV) intermediate called Q. To model the chemistry of MMO-Q, an oxo-bridged diiron(IV) complex has been generated by electrochemical oxidation and characterized(More)
Clostridium difficile infection is the leading cause of hospital-acquired diarrhoea and pseudomembranous colitis. Disease is mediated by the actions of two toxins, TcdA and TcdB, which cause the diarrhoea, as well as inflammation and necrosis within the colon1,2. The toxins are large (308 and 270 kDa, respectively), homologous (47% amino acid identity)(More)
High-valent terminal metal-oxygen adducts are hypothesized to be the potent oxidizing reactants in late transition metal oxidation catalysis. In particular, examples of high-valent terminal nickel-oxygen adducts are scarce, meaning there is a dearth in the understanding of such oxidants. A monoanionic Ni(II)-bicarbonate complex has been found to react in a(More)
Oxoiron(IV) species have been found to act as the oxidants in the catalytic cycles of several mononuclear nonheme iron enzymes that activate dioxygen. To gain insight into the factors that govern the oxidative reactivity of such complexes, a series of five synthetic S = 1 [Fe(IV)(O)(L(N5))](2+) complexes has been characterized with respect to their(More)
BACKGROUND In Alzheimer's disease (AD), alterations in metal homeostasis, including the accumulation of metal ions in the plaques and an increase of iron in the cortex, have been well documented but the mechanisms involved are poorly understood. OBJECTIVE In this study, we compared the metal content in the plaques and the iron speciation in the cortex of(More)
The complex between Eu(III) and 1,7-diaza-4,10,13-trioxacyclopentadecane-N,N'-diacetic acid (L4) was characterized by pH potentiometric titration and 1H NMR spectroscopy. The conversion of the monomer to a dimeric complex is observed as the pH is increased from 7 to 10 in a reaction that releases one mol/HO- per dimer formed. The dimeric complex undergoes a(More)
[Fe(IV)(O)(TMG(3)tren)](2+) (1; TMG(3)tren = 1,1,1-tris{2-[N(2)-(1,1,3,3-tetramethylguanidino)]ethyl}amine) is a unique example of an isolable synthetic S = 2 oxoiron(IV) complex, which serves as a model for the high-valent oxoiron(IV) intermediates observed in nonheme iron enzymes. Congruent with DFT calculations predicting a more reactive S = 2(More)