Erik P. Pioro

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Microglia, the resident inflammatory cells of the CNS, are the only CNS cells that express the fractalkine receptor (CX3CR1). Using three different in vivo models, we show that CX3CR1 deficiency dysregulates microglial responses, resulting in neurotoxicity. Following peripheral lipopolysaccharide injections, Cx3cr1-/- mice showed cell-autonomous microglial(More)
MATR3 is an RNA- and DNA-binding protein that interacts with TDP-43, a disease protein linked to amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and frontotemporal dementia. Using exome sequencing, we identified mutations in MATR3 in ALS kindreds. We also observed MATR3 pathology in ALS-affected spinal cords with and without MATR3 mutations. Our data provide more(More)
OBJECTIVE Since the discovery of mutations in the gene encoding Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase (SOD1) ten years ago, testing for SOD1 gene mutations has become a part of the investigation of patients with suspected motor neuron disease. We searched for novel SOD1 mutations and for clinical characteristics of patients with these mutations. METHODS Analysis was(More)
OBJECTIVE In familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (fALS) harboring superoxide dismutase (SOD1) mutations (fALS1), SOD1 toxicity has been linked to its propensity to misfold and aggregate. It has recently been proposed that misfolded SOD1 may be causative of all types of ALS, including sporadic cases (sALS). In the present study, we have used a specific(More)
OBJECTIVE Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a devastating, and currently incurable, neuromuscular disease in which oxidative stress and mitochondrial impairment are contributing to neuronal loss. Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10), an antioxidant and mitochondrial cofactor, has shown promise in ALS transgenic mice, and in clinical trials for neurodegenerative(More)
Nerve growth factor receptor, as recognized by the monoclonal antibody 192-IgG, was localized to multiple regions of the adult rat forebrain. Immunoreactive cell bodies and fibers were seen in both sensory and motor regions which are known to contain cholinergic and non-cholinergic neurons. Specifically, nerve growth factor receptor immunoreactivity was(More)
The multisubunit Golgi-associated retrograde protein (GARP) complex is required for tethering and fusion of endosome-derived transport vesicles to the trans-Golgi network. Mutation of leucine-967 to glutamine in the Vps54 subunit of GARP is responsible for spinal muscular atrophy in the wobbler mouse, an animal model of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. The(More)
Mislocalization of the TAR-DNA binding protein (TDP-43) from the nucleus to the cytoplasm of diseased motor neurons and association with intraneuronal ubiquitinated inclusions has recently been reported in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Here, we have investigated TDP-43 immunoreactivity in three lines of mutant SOD1 transgenic mice, G93A, G37R and(More)
We performed proton magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging (1H-MRSI) in patients with motor neuron disease (MND) to evaluate the distribution and extent of cortical neuron damage or loss as reflected by decreased N-acetyl (NA) to creatine (Cr) resonance intensity ratios. We examined premotor (superior frontal gyrus), primary motor (precentral gyrus),(More)
Quantitative measurement of MRI-defined brain lesions can provide an index of the extent and activity of disease in multiple sclerosis patients. However, the relationships between these indices and clinical features are not well-understood. Heterogeneity of the pathological changes underlying MRI lesions may be an important factor determining the(More)