Erik Nordenfelt

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A total of 500 individuals from five different regions of Ethiopia were studied. Demographic and clinical data were recorded and serologic tests were carried out to detect antigen and antibody markers of hepatitis B virus, hepatitis A virus, and the delta agent. Data on the economic status, number of rooms per household, number of persons per household,(More)
An outbreak of acute hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection occurred from October 1988 to March 1989 in military camps in northern Ethiopia. The epidemic was waterborne and entirely confined to military men, of whom 423 hospitalized, icteric patients were studied. The clinical course was mild and short, without any fulminant hepatitis or death. All sera tested(More)
One hundred and ten consecutive cases of acute sporadic hepatitis among Ethiopian patients were studied to define viral causes, identify risk factors, and analyze demographic and clinical data. IgM antibodies to hepatitis A virus were found in nine patients (8%), and hepatitis B surface antigen and IgM antibodies to hepatitis B core antigen were found in 22(More)
Thirty-two pregnant and 34 nonpregnant Ethiopian women between 15 and 45 years of age with sporadic acute viral hepatitis were studied consecutively. Demographic data including family size, monthly income and nutritional status as well as hepatitis virus markers were compared in the pregnant and nonpregnant groups. Only 3 nonpregnant women had hepatitis A(More)
A prevalence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) antibodies of 12% was found in 276 patients from 11 dialysis units. Between zero and 22% of the patients in the different units were anti-HCV positive. The epidemiology of HCV was studied in two units during a 2 year period by antibody assays and the polymerase chain reaction and correlated with clinical(More)
Two different categories of hepatitis B antigen carriers have been investigated. One comprises patients treated with dialysis and known to be highly infectious. The other consists of blood donors found in routine screenings. Serum specimens have been studied with regard to Dane particles. Dane-core-associated DNA polymerase activity, and e-antigen. The two(More)
The virological efficacy of a syringe/needle exchange program was evaluated in a cohort incidence study. Of 698 intravenous drug users (IVDUs) initially recruited, 15 (2.1%) were HIV-positive at baseline. Adequate follow-up was possible in 515 (74%) and showed no new cases of HIV infection during a median of 31 months. Most IVDUs had been previously exposed(More)
This two-year controlled study was conducted to define the mode of transmission of hepatitis B infection in Ethiopia. Twenty-five of 500 (5%) expectant mothers were identified as HbsAg positive (Group A). A control group of 29 mothers negative for HBsAg (Group B) was randomly selected. These 54 mothers and their families (husbands, infants and the infants'(More)
Nonstructural protein 3 (NS3) of human hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a conserved multi-functional protein essential for replication and translation of viral RNA and polyprotein processing. Early T-cell response against NS3 is capable of restricting viremia. We aimed at characterizing the immunogenicity in gene immunization of the conserved regions of NS3(More)
Numerous attempts to induce immunity against HCV core (HCV-C) by DNA immunization met serious difficulties in optimizing T-helper cell and antibody responses. Immunomodulatory properties of HCV-C could be blamed that seem to be dependent on the genotype of HCV source. Here, we characterized HCV-C gene from HCV 1b isolate 274933RU. Eukaryotic expression of(More)