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Blood flow in the large systemic arteries is modeled using one-dimensional equations derived from the axisymmetric Navier-Stokes equations for flow in compliant and tapering vessels. The arterial tree is truncated after the first few generations of large arteries with the remaining small arteries and arterioles providing outflow boundary conditions for the(More)
BACKGROUND An accurate, noninvasive technique for the diagnosis of coronary disease would be an important advance. We investigated the accuracy of coronary magnetic resonance angiography among patients with suspected coronary disease in a prospective, multicenter study. METHODS Coronary magnetic resonance angiography was performed during free breathing in(More)
OBJECTIVES Magnetic resonance velocity mapping was used to investigate the hypothesis of a vortex motion within the left ventricle interacting with mitral valve motion and inflow velocity. BACKGROUND In vitro flow visualization studies have suggested the presence of a large anterior vortex inside the left ventricle during mitral inflow. However, to our(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Brachytherapy in locally advanced cervical cancer is still widely based on 2D standard dose planning, although 3D image guidance is available. The purpose of this study was to compare point doses to 3D dose volume parameters for tumour and organs at risk (OARs), and to evaluate the improvement of dose parameters with MR image guided(More)
Myocardial tagging has shown to be a useful magnetic resonance modality for the assessment and quantification of local myocardial function. Many myocardial tagging techniques suffer from a rapid fading of the tags, restricting their application mainly to systolic phases of the cardiac cycle. However, left ventricular diastolic dysfunction has been(More)
This work investigated how the quality of prior information (i.e., data acquired during the training stage) influences k-t BLAST reconstruction. The impact of several factors, such as the amount of training data, the presence of spatial misregistration in the training data, and the effects of filtering, was investigated with simulations and in vivo data. It(More)
A method for magnetic resonance cine velocity mapping through heart valves with adaptation of both slice offset and angulation according to the motion of the valvular plane of the heart is presented. By means of a subtractive labeling technique, basal myocardial markers are obtained and automatically extracted for quantification of heart motion at the(More)
The paper presents an active-contour segmentation method for 2D structures in MR images. The method combines two approaches to active contour segmentation, known as balloons and snakes. This makes the method shape independent and accurate. New anti-tangling features were introduced to improve segmentation of very complex object shapes, e.g. the left(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to describe the velocity fields at distal vascular end-to-side anastomoses with different anastomosis angles in vivo. MATERIALS AND METHODS The abdominal aorta of ten 90 kg pigs was exposed from the superior mesenteric artery to the trifurcation. A segment of the aorta was bypassed using a polyurethane graft. Three(More)
OBJECT Diffusion weighted imaging (DWI) of the liver suffers from low signal to noise making 3 Tesla (3 T) an attractive option, but 3 T data is scarce. It was the aim to study the influence of different b values and respiratory compensation methods (RCM) on the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) level and on ADC reproducibility at 3 T. MATERIALS AND(More)