Erik Madssen

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BACKGROUND The radial artery is proposed as an alternative conduit in coronary revascularization. During the last years the transradial approach has, in many centers, emerged as the preferred technique in percutaneous diagnostic and interventional coronary procedures. This induces a trauma to the radial artery that possibly could influence its suitability(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess fatal coronary artery disease (CAD) by gender and glucose regulation status. DESIGN 47,951 people were followed up according to fatal CAD identified in the National Cause of Death Registry. Gender-effects of fatal CAD in people with impaired glucose regulation (IGR), newly diagnosed diabetes (NDM) or known diabetes (KDM) compared with(More)
BACKGROUND Exercise capacity is a strong predictor of survival in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). Exercise capacity improves after cardiac rehabilitation exercise training, but previous studies have demonstrated a decline in peak oxygen uptake after ending a formal rehabilitation program. There is a lack of knowledge on how long-term exercise(More)
OBJECTIVES Peak oxygen uptake (VO2 peak) increases more after high intensity interval training compared to isocaloric moderate exercise in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD). We assessed the impact of exercise intensity during high intensity intervals on the increase in VO2 peak. DESIGN/METHODS We included 112 patients with coronary heart disease(More)
BACKGROUND Several studies suggest that cardiovascular risk factors comprising the metabolic syndrome have larger effects on the development of cardiovascular disease in women than in men. A recent study in self-reported healthy subjects demonstrated a marked gender difference in endothelial dysfunction that may be an important precursor of manifest(More)
BACKGROUND Insomnia is associated with increased risk of coronary heart disease (CHD), but the underlying mechanisms are not understood. To our knowledge, no previous studies have examined insomnia in relation to endothelial function, an indicator of preclinical atherosclerosis. Our aim was to assess the association of insomnia with endothelial function in(More)
The aim of the present study was to investigate effects of aerobic interval training (AIT) versus moderate continuous training (MCT) on coronary atherosclerosis in patients with significant coronary artery disease on optimal medical treatment. Thirty-six patients were randomized to AIT (intervals at ≈ 90% of peak heart rate) or MCT (continuous exercise at ≈(More)
OBJECTIVES A high degree of variability has been reported regarding the ultrasound-based assessment of flow-mediated dilatation. We wanted to investigate the variability and find out how it might be reduced most efficiently. DESIGN Brachial artery flow-mediated dilatation was measured by high-resolution ultrasound in 22 healthy adults on two consecutive(More)
PURPOSE It has been demonstrated that aerobic exercise induces beneficial changes in coronary atherosclerosis via reduced necrotic core and plaque burden. Clinical factors that may be associated with favorable exercise-induced intracoronary effects are unknown. METHODS This study used post hoc analysis of associations between baseline clinical variables(More)
BACKGROUND Endogenous estrogens prevent lipid peroxidation, which is pivotal in atherogenesis. Dyslipidemia may therefore be more dangerous for men than for women as a risk factor for acute myocardial infarction (AMI). A differential effect by sex has not been empirically established. METHODS In a prospective population-based cohort study of 23,525 women(More)