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OBJECTIVES There are many published clinical guidelines for acute pancreatitis (AP). Implementation of these recommendations is variable. We hypothesized that a clinical decision support (CDS) tool would change clinician behavior and shorten hospital length of stay (LOS). METHODS DESIGN/SETTING Observational study, entitled, The AP Early Response(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare patients with chronic pancreatitis (CP) with constant pain patterns to patients with CP with intermittent pain patterns. METHODS This was a prospective cohort study conducted at 20 tertiary medical centers in the USA comprising 540 subjects with CP. Patients with CP were asked to identify their pain from five pain patterns (A-E)(More)
This review highlights advances in acute pancreatitis (AP) made in the past year. We focus on clinical aspects of AP - severe disease especially - and risk stratification tools to guide the clinical care of patients. Most patients with AP have mild disease that requires a diagnostic evaluation, self-limited supportive care, and a short hospital stay. In(More)
OBJECTIVES We investigated which variables independently associated with protection against or development of postendoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) pancreatitis (PEP) and severity of PEP. Subsequently, we derived predictive risk models for PEP. METHODS In a case-control design, 6505 patients had 8264 ERCPs, 211 patients had PEP, and 22(More)
BACKGROUND EUS is highly sensitive, specific, and cost-effective for localization of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors. EUS screening of asymptomatic patients with multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 has not been described. METHODS EUS was used to evaluate all patients with known or suspected pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors. Asymptomatic patients with(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Alcohol use and cigarette smoking are associated with various pancreatic diseases, but it is not known whether they associate with post-endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) pancreatitis (PEP). We performed a retrospective case-control study to determine if these activities increase the risk of PEP. METHODS We identified(More)
A 16-year-old boy presented with pericardial effusion, bilateral pleural effusion and mediastinal fluid collection. CT scan of abdomen revealed pancreatic calcification and a fistulous tract from a pseudocyst going along the inferior vena cava wall up to the pericardial cavity. After initial pericardiocentesis and pleurocentesis, lateral(More)
OBJECTIVE Fluid therapy is a cornerstone of the early treatment of acute pancreatitis (AP), but data are conflicting on whether it affects disease severity. Administering greater fluid volumes (FVs) during induction of experimental AP preserves pancreatic perfusion and reduces severity but does not prevent onset of AP. We hypothesized that administering(More)
We review important new clinical observations in pancreas divisum (PD) made since 2007. PD is common and has the same prevalence in the general population and idiopathic pancreatitis (IP). Up to 53% of patients with PD and IP have underlying idiopathic chronic pancreatitis (CP), and in rigorous prospective clinical follow-up and/or natural history studies,(More)