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Proteomics research requires methods to characterize the expression and function of proteins in complex mixtures. Toward this end, chemical probes that incorporate known affinity labeling agents have facilitated the activity-based profiling of certain enzyme families. To accelerate the discovery of proteomics probes for enzyme classes lacking cognate(More)
With complete genome sequences now available for several prokaryotic and eukaryotic organisms, biological researchers are charged with the task of assigning molecular and cellular functions to thousands of predicted gene products. To address this problem, the field of proteomics seeks to develop and apply methods for the global analysis of protein(More)
Chemical probes that covalently modify the active sites of enzymes in complex proteomes are useful tools for identifying enzyme activities associated with discrete (patho) physiological states. Researchers in proteomics typically use two types of activity-based probes to fulfill complementary objectives: fluorescent probes for rapid and sensitive target(More)
BACKGROUND The field of proteomics aims to characterize dynamics in protein function on a global level. However, several classes of proteins, in particular low abundance proteins, remain difficult to characterize using standard proteomics technologies. Recently, chemical strategies have emerged that profile classes of proteins based on activity rather than(More)
Chemical genomics aims to discover small molecules that affect biological processes through the perturbation of protein function. However, determining the protein targets of bioactive compounds remains a formidable challenge. We address this problem here through the creation of a natural product-inspired small-molecule library bearing protein-reactive(More)
Researchers in the post-genome era are confronted with the daunting task of assigning structure and function to tens of thousands of encoded proteins. To realize this goal, new technologies are emerging for the analysis of protein function on a global scale, such as activity-based protein profiling (ABPP), which aims to develop active site-directed chemical(More)
Cyclostreptin (FR182877), a bacterial natural product, was reported to have weak paclitaxel-like activity with tubulin but antitumor activity in vivo. We used synthetic cyclostreptin in studies of its mechanism of action. Although less potent than paclitaxel in several human cancer cell lines, cyclostreptin was active against cells resistant to paclitaxel(More)
Abyssomicin C is a complex polyketide-type antibiotic and the first natural inhibitor of the p-aminobenzoate biosynthesis produced by the marine Verrucosispora strain AB-18-032. We have now isolated three novel naturally produced abyssomicins, among them the even more active atrop-abyssomicin C. The chemical structures were elucidated by mass spectrometry(More)
As the human genome project nears completion, biological research is entering a new era in which experimental focus will shift from identifying novel genes to determining the function of gene products. Rising to this challenge, several technologies have emerged that aim to characterise genes and/or proteins collectively rather than individually. Of(More)
The antimycobacterial efficacy of the abyssomicin C family of natural products, in addition to a key synthetic intermediate, has been investigated given their reported inhibition of Bacillus subtilis p-aminobenzoate biosynthesis. The naturally occurring (-)-abyssomicin C and its atropisomer were found to exhibit low micromolar growth inhibition against the(More)