Erik J C M Coolen

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To obtain insight in mechanisms of action of extracellular adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and adenosine, a simple HPLC method has been optimized and applied to investigate ATP metabolism in human whole blood ex vivo. This method provided good chromatographic resolution and peak shape for all eight compounds within a 19 min run time. The baseline was clean,(More)
Purinergic receptors are important for the regulation of inflammation, muscle contraction, neurotransmission and nociception. Extracellular ATP and its metabolites are the main ligands for these receptors. Occasional reports on beneficial results of ATP administration in human and animal studies have suggested the bioavailability of oral ATP supplements. We(More)
BACKGROUND Nutritional supplements designed to increase adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP) concentrations are commonly used by athletes as ergogenic aids. ATP is the primary source of energy for the cells, and supplementation may enhance the ability to maintain high ATP turnover during high-intensity exercise. Oral ATP supplements have beneficial effects in(More)
We recently reported that adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP) modulates cytokine release in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-phytohemagglutinin (PHA)-stimulated blood. ATP inhibited tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) release via activation of the P2Y(11) receptor and increased interleukin (IL)-10 release via stimulation of the P2Y(12) receptor. Because ATP is(More)
Differences in cocaine self-administration can be attributed to differences in the rewarding value that cocaine has for the individual. An ongoing debate, however, exists whether a high rewarding or a low rewarding value leads to an increase in self-administration. To investigate which of these two alternatives is correct, we investigated the occurrence of(More)
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