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A general problem in relation to application of Markov decision processes to real world problems is the curse of dimensionality, since the size of the state space grows to prohibitive levels when information on all relevant traits of the system being modeled are included. In herd management, we face a hierarchy of decisions made at different levels with(More)
—This paper presents a new hierarchical basis of arbitrary order for integral equations solved with the method of moments (MoM). The basis is derived from orthogonal Legendre poly-nomials which are modified to impose continuity of vector quantities between neighboring elements while maintaining most of their desirable features. Expressions are presented for(More)
In agriculture Markov decision processes (MDPs) with finite state and action space are often used to model sequential decision making over time. For instance, states in the process represent possible levels of traits of the animal and transition probabilities are based on biological models estimated from data collected from the animal or herd. State space(More)
BACKGROUND Phase 1 clinical trials of granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) treatment after myocardial infarction have indicated that G-CSF treatment is safe and may improve left ventricular function. This randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial aimed to assess the efficacy of subcutaneous G-CSF injections on left ventricular function in(More)
Latent class analysis to assess the sensitivity and specificity of a diagnostic test can be carried out under different assumptions. An often applied set of assumptions is known as the Hui-Walter paradigm, which essentially states that: (i) the population is divided into two or more populations in which two or more tests are evaluated under assumption that(More)
BACKGROUND Postconditioning has been suggested to reduce myocardial damage during primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) in patients with ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction. However, because clinical experience is limited, we examined the cardioprotective effects of postconditioning, using cardiac MRI in patients treated with PPCI. (More)
AIMS Patients with chest pain and no obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD) are considered at low risk for cardiovascular events but evidence supporting this is scarce. We investigated the prognostic implications of stable angina pectoris in relation to the presence and degree of CAD with no obstructive CAD in focus. METHODS AND RESULTS We identified(More)
Only few theoretical efforts have been made in order to support decisions of culling/replacement in sow herds, despite obvious possibilities for affecting productivity. In this paper different culling strategies are compared: 1) culling according to parity (CP) and 2) culling according to a policy determined by a Dynamic Programming (DP) model using litter(More)