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In patients with stable CAD, PCI can be considered a valuable initial mode of revascularization in all patients with objective large ischaemia in the presence of almost every lesion subset, with only one exception: chronic total occlusions that cannot be crossed. In early studies, there was a small survival advantage with CABG surgery compared with PCI(More)
BACKGROUND Phase 1 clinical trials of granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) treatment after myocardial infarction have indicated that G-CSF treatment is safe and may improve left ventricular function. This randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial aimed to assess the efficacy of subcutaneous G-CSF injections on left ventricular function in(More)
OBJECTIVES In the Euroinject One phase II randomized double-blind trial, therapeutic angiogenesis of percutaneous intramyocardial plasmid gene transfer of vascular endothelial growth factor (phVEGF-A(165)) on myocardial perfusion, left ventricular function, and clinical symptoms was assessed. BACKGROUND Evidence for safety and treatment efficacy have been(More)
OBJECTIVES A phase I safety and efficacy study with granulocyte colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) mobilization of bone marrow stem cells to induce vasculogenesis in patients with severe ischemic heart disease (IHD) was conducted. DESIGN, PATIENTS AND RESULTS 29 patients with IHD participated in the study. Thirteen patients were treated with G-CSF for 6(More)
AIMS Exenatide, a glucagon-like-peptide-1 analogue, increases myocardial salvage in experimental settings with coronary occlusion and subsequent reperfusion. We evaluated the cardioprotective effect of exenatide at the time of reperfusion in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) treated with primary percutaneous coronary(More)
BACKGROUND Exenatide has been demonstrated to be cardioprotective as an adjunct to primary percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). The aim of the post hoc analysis study was to evaluate the effect of exenatide in relation to system delay, defined as time from first medical contact to first(More)
AIMS Patients with chest pain and no obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD) are considered at low risk for cardiovascular events but evidence supporting this is scarce. We investigated the prognostic implications of stable angina pectoris in relation to the presence and degree of CAD with no obstructive CAD in focus. METHODS AND RESULTS We identified(More)
Latent class analysis to assess the sensitivity and specificity of a diagnostic test can be carried out under different assumptions. An often applied set of assumptions is known as the Hui-Walter paradigm, which essentially states that: (i) the population is divided into two or more populations in which two or more tests are evaluated under assumption that(More)
A general problem in relation to application of Markov decision processes to real world problems is the curse of dimensionality, since the size of the state space grows to prohibitive levels when information on all relevant traits of the system being modeled are included. In herd management, we face a hierarchy of decisions made at different levels with(More)