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1. The inward facing membranes of in vitro frog skin epithelium were depolarized with solutions of high K concentration. The electrical properties of the epithelium are then expected to be governed by the outward facing, Na-selective membrane.2. In this state, the transepithelial voltage (V) was clamped to zero and step-changes of Na activity in the outer(More)
1. Active Cl- currents were studied in short-circuited toad skin epithelium in which the passive voltage-activated Cl- current is zero. Under visual control double-barrelled microelectrodes were used for impaling principal cells from the serosal side, or for measuring the pH profile in the solution bathing the apical border. 2. The net inward (active) 36Cl-(More)
Isolated small intestine of toad (Bufo bufo) was mounted on glass tubes for perfusion studies with oxygenated amphibian Ringer's solution containing glucose and acetate. Under open-circuit conditions (Vt = -3.9 +/- 1.8 mV, N = 14) the preparation generated a net influx of 134Cs+. The time course of unidirectional 134Cs+-fluxes was mono-exponential with(More)
Specific Se-metabolites have been recognized to be the main elements responsible for beneficial effects of Se-enriched diet, and Se-methylselenocysteine (SeMCys) is thought to be among the most effective ones. Here we show that an engineered Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain, expressing a codon optimized heterologous selenocysteine methyltransferase and(More)
The voltage dependecies of Na and Cl fluxes were investigated in the isolated toad skin. With Cl-Ringer's on both sides Cl outflux varied very little with clamping voltage. The same was true for the influx of Cl at depolarizing voltages (psii -psio lessthan0 mV), wheras hyperpolarization led to a marked increase in this flux. A net chloride influx under(More)
Members of the TMEM16 (Anoctamin) family of membrane proteins have been shown to be essential constituents of the Ca(2+)-activated Cl(-) channel (CaCC) in many cell types. In this study, we have investigated the electrophysiological properties of mouse TMEM16F. Heterologous expression of TMEM16F in HEK293 cells resulted in plasma membrane localization and(More)
The primary secretion formed in various exocrine glands has a [K+] 2-5 times that of plasma. In this study we measured the transepithelial flux of 36Cl-, 22Na+ and 42K+ across the frog skin and applied the single-channel patch-clamp technique to the apical membrane of frog skin gland acini to investigate the pathway taken by K+ secreted by the glands.(More)
The aim of this study was to clarify the mechanism of isotonic fluid transport in frog skin glands. Stationary ion secretion by the glands was studied by measuring unidirectional fluxes of 24Na+, 42K+, and carrier-free 134Cs+ in paired frog skins bathed on both sides with Ringer's solution, and with 10(-5) M noradrenaline on the inside and 10(-4) M(More)
Anoctamin 6 (ANO6), also known as TMEM16F, has been shown to be a calcium-activated anion channel with delayed calcium activation. The cellular function of ANO6 is under debate, and different groups have come to different conclusions about ANO6’s physiological role. Although it is now quite well established that ANO6 is distinct from the volume-regulated(More)
The optical sectioning video imaging technique was used for measurements of the volume of mitochondria-rich (m.r.) cells of the isolated epithelium of toad skin. Under short-circuit conditions, cell volume decreased by about 14% in response to bilateral exposure to Cl-free (gluconate substitution) solutions, apical exposure to a sodium-free solution, or to(More)