Erik H Hofmeister

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Fentanyl citrate is a potent opioid that can be delivered by the transdermal route in cats and dogs. Publications regarding transdermal fentanyl patches were obtained and systematically reviewed. Seven studies in cats and seven studies in dogs met the criteria for inclusion in this review. Dogs achieved effective plasma concentrations approximately 24 hours(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the physiological parameters, arterial blood gas values, induction quality, and recovery quality after IV injection of alfaxalone or propofol in dogs. STUDY DESIGN Prospective, randomized, blinded crossover. ANIMALS Eight random-source adult female mixed-breed dogs weighing 18.7 ± 4.5 kg. METHODS Dogs were assigned to receive up(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify and critically evaluate the quality of evidence of the most commonly used pharmacologic, nutraceutical, and purported slow-acting drugs of osteoarthritis for the management of osteoarthritis in dogs by use of the FDA's evidence-based medicine scoring system. DESIGN Systematic review. SAMPLE POPULATION 16 clinical trials. (More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the association among signalment, health status, other clinical variables, and treatments and events during cardiopulmonary cerebral resuscitation (CPCR) with the return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) for animals with cardiopulmonary arrest (CPA) in a veterinary teaching hospital. DESIGN Cross-sectional study. ANIMALS 161 dogs(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether a heat and moisture exchange device (HME) prevents a decrease in body temperature in isoflurane-anesthetized dogs undergoing orthopedic procedures. DESIGN Blinded randomized controlled clinical trial. ANIMALS 60 privately owned dogs weighing at least 15 kg (33 lb). PROCEDURES Dogs were randomly assigned to 1 of 3(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate inter- and intraobserver variability in the measurement of distal tibial axis/proximal tibial axis angle (DPA) from lateral radiographs of canine tibia in dogs with cranial cruciate ligament rupture (CCLR). STUDY DESIGN Retrospective clinical study. ANIMALS Dogs (n=100) with cranial cruciate ligament rupture. METHODS Medical(More)
An otherwise healthy 8-year-old neutered male, mixed breed dog was anesthetized for surgical removal of multiple uroliths. Pre-anesthetic medication was midazolam, glycopyrrolate, and morphine. Anesthesia was induced with propofol and maintained with isoflurane in oxygen. One hour after induction, the patient moved and propofol was administered.(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the prevalence of urinary tract infections (UTI), factors that correlate positively with UTI, and whether identified UTI are most likely community- or hospital acquired in dogs with surgically treated type 1 thoracolumbar intervertebral disc (IVD) extrusions. STUDY DESIGN Prospective cross-sectional clinical study. SAMPLE(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine effects of duration and type of anesthetic on tear production in dogs. ANIMALS 8 female Beagles. PROCEDURES Each dog was randomly allocated into 1 of 4 groups according to a Latin square design to receive anesthesia as follows: 1 hour with isoflurane, 1 hour with desflurane, 4 hours with isoflurane, and 4 hours with desflurane.(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the effect of an intervention (educational campaign) on hand hygiene (HH) and health-care workers' (HCWs') perceptions of HH. DESIGN Prospective observational study and cross-sectional survey. SAMPLE Observed opportunities for HH performed by HCWs before (n = 222) and after (249) intervention, measures of HH product usage, and(More)