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The protein complement of cellular membranes is notoriously resistant to standard proteomic analysis and structural studies. As a result, membrane proteomes remain ill-defined. Here, we report a global topology analysis of the Escherichia coli inner membrane proteome. Using C-terminal tagging with the alkaline phosphatase and green fluorescent protein, we(More)
Integral membrane proteins are generally believed to have unique membrane topologies. However, it has been suggested that dual-topology proteins that adopt a mixture of two opposite orientations in the membrane may exist. Here we show that the membrane orientations of five dual-topology candidates identified in Escherichia coli are highly sensitive to(More)
The most conspicuous structural characteristic of the alpha-helical membrane proteins is their long transmembrane alpha-helices. However, other structural elements, as yet largely ignored in statistical studies of membrane protein structure, are found in those parts of the protein that are located in the membrane-water interface region. Here, we show that(More)
How do integral membrane proteins evolve in size and complexity? Using the small multidrug-resistance protein EmrE from Escherichia coli as a model, we experimentally demonstrated that the evolution of membrane proteins composed of two homologous but oppositely oriented domains can occur in a small number of steps: An original dual-topology protein evolves,(More)
MOTIVATION Prediction methods are of great importance for membrane proteins as experimental information is harder to obtain than for globular proteins. As more membrane protein structures are solved it is clear that topology information only provides a simplified picture of a membrane protein. Here, we describe a novel challenge for the prediction of(More)
Alongside the well-studied membrane spanning helices, alpha-helical transmembrane (TM) proteins contain several functionally and structurally important types of substructures. Here, existing 3D structures of transmembrane proteins have been used to define and study the concept of reentrant regions, i.e. membrane penetrating regions that enter and exit the(More)
Zpred2 is an improved version of ZPRED, a predictor for the Z-coordinates of alpha-helical membrane proteins, that is, the distance of the residues from the center of the membrane. Using principal component analysis and a set of neural networks, Zpred2 analyzes data extracted from the amino acid sequence, the predicted topology, and evolutionary profiles.(More)
Membrane proteins are core components of many essential cellular processes, and high-resolution structural data is therefore highly sought after. However, owing to the many bottlenecks associated with membrane protein crystallization, progress has been slow. One major problem is our inability to obtain sufficient quantities of membrane proteins for(More)
We have used 502 Escherichia coli inner membrane proteins with experimentally determined C-terminal locations (cytoplasmic or periplasmic) from a recently published data set, together with an additional 106 bacterial membrane proteins with known topology, as queries in BLAST searches against a data base of 658,210 bacterial open reading frames from GenBank.(More)
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