Erik F. J. de Vries

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Haemonchus contortus is a nematode that infects small ruminants. It releases a variety of molecules, designated excretory/secretory products (ESP), into the host. Although the composition of ESP is largely unknown, it is a source of potential vaccine components because ESP are able to induce up to 90% protection in sheep. We used proteomic tools to analyze(More)
Using direct and cell extraction-based (indirect) isolation methods, DNA was obtained from environmental samples with largely differing characteristics (loam soil, sand soil, sediment, activated sludge, and compost) and evaluated with respect to the comprised bacterial diversity and its suitability for expression cloning in Escherichia coli. Indirect DNA(More)
Marine bacteria in Resurrection Bay near Seward, Alaska, and in the central North Sea off the Dutch coast were cultured in filtered autoclaved seawater following dilution to extinction. The populations present before dilution varied from 0.11 x 10 to 1.07 x 10 cells per liter. The mean cell volume varied between 0.042 and 0.074 mum, and the mean apparent(More)
The binding of penicillin to penicillin acylase was studied by X-ray crystallography. The structure of the enzyme-substrate complex was determined after soaking crystals of an inactive betaN241A penicillin acylase mutant with penicillin G. Binding of the substrate induces a conformational change, in which the side chains of alphaF146 and alphaR145 move away(More)
UNLABELLED Increased glucose metabolism of inflammatory tissues is the main source of false-positive (18)F-FDG PET findings in oncology. It has been suggested that radiolabeled nucleosides might be more tumor specific. METHODS To test this hypothesis, we compared the biodistribution of 3'-deoxy-3'-(18)F-fluorothymidine (FLT) and (18)F-FDG in Wistar rats(More)
The physiological function of EPS produced by Lactococcus lactis was studied by comparing the tolerance of the non-EPS producing strain L. lactis ssp. cremoris MG1614 and an EPS producing isogenic variant of this strain to several anti-microbial factors. There was no difference in the sensitivity of the strains to increased temperatures, freezing or(More)
It is important to gain more insight into neurodegenerative diseases, because these debilitating diseases can not be cured. A common characteristic of many neurological diseases is neuroinflammation, which is accompanied by the presence of activated microglia cells. In activated microglia cells, an increase in the expression of peripheral benzodiazepine(More)
In hepatocytes, cAMP/PKA activity stimulates the exocytic insertion of apical proteins and lipids and the biogenesis of bile canalicular plasma membranes. Here, we show that the displacement of PKA-RIIalpha from the Golgi apparatus severely delays the trafficking of the bile canalicular protein MDR1 (P-glycoprotein), but not that of MRP2 (cMOAT), DPP IV and(More)
Expressed sequence tags (ESTs) provide an efficient way to identify large numbers of genes expressed in a specific stage of the life cycle of an organism. Here we analysed approximately 13,000 ESTs derived from the erythrocytic stage of the apicomplexan parasite Babesia bovis. The ESTs were clustered in order to obtain information on the expression level of(More)
UNLABELLED Schizophrenia is a chronic and disabling brain disease characterized by psychotic episodes with unknown etiology. It is suggested that neuroinflammation plays a role in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. Neuroinflammation is characterized by the activation of microglia cells, which show an increase in the expression of the peripheral(More)