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The objective of this study was to evaluate the differences in biochemical, sensorial and quality characteristics of retail beef in Belgium. Four types of beef (Belgian Blue double-muscled, Limousin, Irish and Argentine) and two different muscles (longissimus lumborum and semimembranosus) were bought at the retail level and compared with regard to colour,(More)
The effects of in situ postrigor injection (24 h postmortem) of exogenous aspartic, serine, and cysteine proteinase effectors into cylindrical beef longissimus samples on tenderness and myofibrillar protein degradation and integrity were studied. Injection of phenylmethanesulphonylfluoride (PMSF) and pepstatin did not influence shear force or protein(More)
A promising tool to improve daily gain in pigs is the missense mutation (Asp298Asn) in the melanocortin-4 receptor (MC4R) gene, especially in the Belgian pig industry where the slow-growing Piétrain breed is very frequently used as the sire breed. The MC4R is expressed in the appetite-regulating region of the brain where it regulates feed intake and energy(More)
In order to expand with validated scientific data the limited knowledge regarding the potential application of insects as innovative feed ingredients for poultry, the present study tested a partial substitution of soya bean meal and soya bean oil with defatted black soldier fly (Hermetia illucens) larvae meal (H) in the diet for growing broiler quails(More)
The effect of including linseed [extruded (EL) or crushed (CL)] instead of whole soybeans (S) in the finishing diet of double-muscled Belgian Blue young bulls on the fatty acid composition of the longissimus thoracis, triceps brachii and subcutaneous fat was investigated. The dietary supply of C18:2n-6 was similar in the three diets, while in the EL and CL(More)
Seventy six Belgian Blue (BB) bulls, with double-muscled conformation, were randomly allocated to six dietary treatments in a 2 × 3 factorial experiment. The treatments included low (N(L)=127 g CP/kg DM), medium (N(M)=153 g CP/kg DM) and high (N(H)=172 g CP/kg DM) levels of dietary protein in combination with low (E(L)=7.38 MJ ME/kg DM) and high (E(H)=8.03(More)
Recently, a new QTN (quantitative trait nucleotide), which is located in the regulatory sequence of the imprinted IGF-II gene was discovered in the pig and is associated with a significant increase in IGF-II mRNA expression in skeletal muscle during postnatal growth. The aim of the current study was to investigate the effect of the IGF-II paternal allele(More)
Muscle enzyme activities were measured in m. transversus abdominis (TA) samples of two pig lines, differing in stress sensitivity and in breeding objectives. Animals of line one were stress sensitive and selected for a high carcass lean content (LEAN), those of line two were homozygous stress resistant and selected for maximum live weight gain (GROWTH).(More)
Early post mortem temperature, pH, sarcomere length, colour, water holding capacity, calpain/calpastatin activities and myofibrillar protein concentrations (semi-quantative SDS-PAGE), measured at different times post mortem on 153 double-muscled Belgian Blue White bulls, were related to shear force (SF) measurements. The M. longissimus thoracis tenderised(More)
Recently, a paternally expressed quantitative trait nucleotide (QTN) in the regulatory sequence of the IGF-II gene with effects on muscle growth and fat deposition was discovered in the pig. This QTN is also known as the IGF-II intron3 G3072A mutation. The aim of the current study was to determine the effects of age, muscle type, and IGF-II genotype (Apat,(More)