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Using a set of synthetic oligonucleotides homologous to broadly conserved sequences in-vitro amplification via the polymerase chain reaction followed by direct sequencing results in almost complete nucleotide determination of a gene coding for 16S ribosomal RNA. As a model system the nucleotide sequence of the 16S rRNA gene of M.kansasii was determined and(More)
A method for the rapid identification of mycobacteria to the species level was developed on the basis of evaluation by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) of the gene encoding for the 65-kDa protein. The method involves restriction enzyme analysis of PCR products obtained with primers common to all mycobacteria. Using two restriction enzymes, BstEII and(More)
The reservoir and transmission route of Mycobacterium kansasii are largely unknown. In addition, culturing of M. kansasii from human sources is not proof of disease because it may represent colonization rather than infection. Unfortunately, investigation of the epidemiology and pathogenicity of M. kansasii is complicated by evidence of heterogeneity within(More)
Peptide bond formation is the main catalytic function of the ribosome. The mechanism of catalysis is presumed to be highly conserved in all organisms. We tested the conservation by comparing mechanistic features of the peptidyl transfer reaction on ribosomes from Escherichia coli and the Gram-positive bacterium Mycobacterium smegmatis. In both cases, the(More)
Macrolides are a diverse group of antibiotics that inhibit bacterial growth by binding within the peptide tunnel of the 50S ribosomal subunit. There is good agreement about the architecture of the macrolide site from different crystallography studies of bacterial and archaeal 50S subunits. These structures show plainly that 23S rRNA nucleotides A2058 and(More)
BACKGROUND Broad-range 16S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) gene polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is used for detection and identification of bacterial pathogens in clinical specimens from patients with a high suspicion for infection. However, prospective studies addressing the impact and clinical value of broad-range bacterial 16S rRNA gene amplification for diagnosis(More)
Multidrug-resistant strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis have resulted in several recent outbreaks. Recognition of drug resistance is important both for treatment and to prevent further transmission. Here we use molecular biology techniques to study the basis of streptomycin resistance in single and multidrug-resistant M. tuberculosis. We demonstrate that(More)
Intracellular pathogens such as Mycobacterium tuberculosis are able to survive in the face of antimicrobial products generated by the host cell in response to infection. The product of the alkyl hydroperoxide reductase gene (ahpC) of M. tuberculosis is thought to be involved in protecting the organism against both oxidative and nitrosative stress(More)
Clinical isolates of Mycobacterium spp. were identified by direct sequence determination of 16S rRNA gene fragments amplified by polymerase chain reaction. Identification was based on a hypervariable region within the 16S rRNA gene in which mycobacterial species are characterized by species-specific nucleotide sequences. A manually aligned data base(More)
16S rRNA sequences from Mycobacterium tuberculosis, M. avium, M. gastri, M. kansasii, M. marinum, M. chelonae, M. smegmatis, M. terrae, M. gordonae, M. scrofulaceum, M. szulgai, M. intracellulare, M. nonchromogenicum, M. xenopi, M. malmoense, M. simiae, M. flavescens, M. fortuitum, and M. paratuberculosis were determined and compared. The sequence data were(More)