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Leukocyte migration is a key event both in host defense against invading pathogens as well as in inflammation. Bacteria generate chemoattractants primarily by excretion (formylated peptides), complement activation (C5a), and subsequently through activation of leukocytes (e.g., leukotriene B4, platelet-activating factor, and interleukin 8). Here we describe(More)
The CXC chemokine receptor 2 (CXCR2) on neutrophils, which recognizes chemokines produced at the site of infection, plays an important role in antimicrobial host defenses such as neutrophil activation and chemotaxis. Staphylococcus aureus is a successful human pathogen secreting a number of proteolytic enzymes, but their influence on the host immune system(More)
The currently available glucose-containing peritoneal dialysis fluids (PDF), which are all hyperosmolar, are toxic to the cells present in the peritoneal cavity. However, glucose-polymer solutions, being isosmolar, may have improved biocompatibility in this respect. We therefore compared in vitro the effects of PDF containing glucose-polymers with that of(More)
In tidal peritoneal dialysis (TPD) only a part of the infused dialysate is drained with each exchange, leaving a residual volume on top of which fresh fluid is cycled. As the persistent presence of a buffered intraperitoneal reserve volume might favour peritoneal macrophage (PMO) function, PMO obtained from eight patients during a 3-h continuous cyclic(More)
Cultured human mesothelial cells were exposed to peritoneal dialysis fluids, supernatants from cultures of Staphylococcus aureus and S. epidermidis, and antibiotics. Mesothelial cell monolayer cultures were derived from surgically removed omentum. The cytotoxicity of various agents for the cultured mesothelial cells was measured by a 51 Cr-release assay.(More)
Sepsis is a considerable health problem and a burden on the health care system. Endotoxin, or lipopolysaccharide (LPS), present in the outer membrane of gram-negative bacteria, is responsible for more than 50% of the sepsis cases and is, therefore, a legitimate target for therapeutic approaches against sepsis. In this study, we selected and characterized a(More)
Recent studies have shown that the Gram-positive bacterium Lactococcus lactis can be exploited for the expression of heterologous proteins; however, a versatile set of vectors suitable for inducible extracellular protein production and subsequent purification of the expressed proteins by immobilized metal affinity chromatography was so far lacking. Here we(More)
The effects of a recently introduced peritoneal dialysis fluid (PDF) containing amino acids (AA) were compared with those of a glucose-based PDF (G-PDF) on viability and function of donor granulocytes (PMNs) in vitro. After 30 min incubation in the PDF, viability, assessed by trypan blue exclusion, and phagocytosis capacity (PC), tested in two assays using(More)
It has been suggested that reducing the calcium content of peritoneal dialysis fluid (PDF) to 2.5 mEq/L decreases peritoneal macrophage (PMO) function and increases the incidence of peritonitis (especially Staphylococcus epidermidis peritonitis) in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis patients. We studied the uptake and killing of S epidermidis and(More)