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Electron tomography is a powerful method for determining the three-dimensional structures of large macromolecular assemblies, such as cells, organelles, and multiprotein complexes, when crystallographic averaging methods are not applicable. Here we used electron tomographic imaging to determine the molecular architecture of Escherichia coli cells engineered(More)
The molecular mechanisms regulating antigen translocation into the cytosol for cross-presentation are under controversial debate, mainly because direct data is lacking. Here, we have provided direct evidence that the activity of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) translocon protein Sec61 is essential for endosome-to-cytosol translocation. We generated a(More)
This unit describes subcellular localization of proteins/antigens using high-resolution cryo-immunogold electron microscopy, which allows study of topological biochemistry at the ultrastructural level. This is the most sensitive procedure for immunodetection of antigens on ultrathin sections prepared from chemically fixed cells or tissues, because aldehyde(More)
BACKGROUND Extracellular matrix proteins, such as laminins, and endothelial cells are known to influence cardiomyocyte performance; however, the underlying molecular mechanisms remain poorly understood. METHODS AND RESULTS We used a forward genetic screen in zebrafish to identify novel genes required for myocardial function and were able to identify the(More)
Cryo-electron tomography of vitreous cryo-sections is the most suitable method for exploring the 3D organization of biological samples that are too large to be imaged in an intact state. Producing good quality vitreous cryo-sections, however, is challenging. Here, we focused on the major obstacles to success: contamination in and around the microtome, and(More)
Noninvasive imaging of differences between the molecular properties of cancer and normal tissue has the potential to enhance the detection of tumors. Because overexpression of endogenous transferrin receptor (TfR) has been qualitatively described for various cancers and is presumably due to malignant transformation of cells, TfR may represent a suitable(More)
Granule-mediated cytotoxicity is the main effector mechanism of cytotoxic CD8+ T cells. We report that CD8+ T cells from acid sphingomyelinase (ASMase)-deficient (ASMase-KO) mice are defective in exocytosis of cytolytic effector molecules; this defect resulted in attenuated cytotoxic activity of ASMase-KO CD8+ T cells and delayed elimination of lymphocytic(More)
We have recently reported electron tomographic studies of sections obtained from chemically fixed E. coli cells overproducing the 60-kDa chemotaxis receptor Tsr. Membrane extracts from these cells prepared in the presence of Tween-80 display hexagonally close-packed microcrystalline assemblies of Tsr, with a repeating unit large enough to accommodate six(More)
The chemokine RANTES is secreted rapidly after activation of human CD8+ T cells, with a cycloheximide-resistant burst during the first hour. This pattern was observed in purified memory and effector phenotype CD8+ cells from blood as well as in blasts. In contrast, secretion of other chemokines and interferon-gamma by these cells was sensitive to(More)
Whether coat proteins play a widespread role in endocytic recycling remains unclear. We find that ACAP1, a GTPase-activating protein (GAP) for ADP-ribosylation factor (ARF) 6, is part of a novel clathrin coat complex that is regulated by ARF6 for endocytic recycling in two key physiological settings, stimulation-dependent recycling of integrin that is(More)