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PURPOSE To investigate DNA fragmentation as a function of linear energy transfer (LET) after exposure to accelerated ions in the LET range 40-225 keV/microm. MATERIALS AND METHODS Fragmentation patterns of double-stranded DNA in the range 5 kilobasepairs (kbp) to 5.7 megabasepairs (Mbp) were analysed after irradiation of low-passage GM 5758 normal human(More)
Conjugates with specific binding to the epidermal growth factor receptor, EGFR, of interest for radionuclide based imaging and therapy were prepared using mouse epidermal growth factor, mEGF, and dextran. In one type of conjugate, mEGF was coupled to dextran by reductive amination in which the free amino group on the mEGF N-terminal reacted with the(More)
Epidermal growth factor has been found to stimulate the migration of human foreskin fibroblasts grown at low serum concentration. This effect may be caused by a direct activation of the cytoskeletal elements or indirectly via an increased production of migration facilitating matrix proteins. We speculate on the possible implications of the present finding(More)
Targeting of tumor cells with radiolabeled biomolecules is a possible approach to inactivate disseminated tumor cells. However, rapid degradation of the biomolecules after cellular internalization and subsequent excretion of the radioactivity is a problem. We studied the possibility of using dextran as a carrier of radionuclides to improve the intracellular(More)
Patients with glioblastoma multiforme have a poor prognosis due to recurrences originating from spread cells. The use of radionuclide targeting might increase the chance of inactivating single tumor cells with minimal damage to surrounding healthy tissue. As a target, overexpressed epidermal growth factor receptors (EGFR) may be used. A natural ligand to(More)
The EGFR-TKI (epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor) gefitinib ['Iressa' (trademark of the AstraZeneca group of companies), ZD1839] increases the cellular uptake of radiolabelled epidermal growth factor (EGF). We investigated gefitinib treatment combined with astatine-211 EGF targeting in vitro using two cell lines expressing high(More)
Three cell lines, human glioma U-343MG, Chinese hamster V79-379A and human colon carcinoma LS-174T, were analysed for clonogenic survival and with pulsed-field gel electrophoresis regarding induction and rejoining of double-strand breaks (dsb) in DNA. The cells were irradiated with either intermediate linear energy transfer (LET approximately 55(More)
When irradiating targets in the brain, an accurately localised dose is often needed. One crucial moment to achieve this is the positioning of the patient. We have developed a positioning method where the patient is immobilised with a bite block and a head mould, and where the position of the target is determined by X-ray imaging of fiducial markers that are(More)
A systematic review of radiation therapy trials in several tumour types was performed by The Swedish Council of Technology Assessment in Health Care (SBU). The procedures for evaluation of the scientific literature are described separately (Acta Oncol 2003; 42: 357-365). This synthesis of the literature on radiation therapy for brain tumours is based on(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE To evaluate the efficacy and safety of boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT) for glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) using a novel protocol for the boronophenylalanine-fructose (BPA-F) infusion. PATIENT AND METHODS This phase II study included 30 patients, 26-69 years old, with a good performance status of which 27 have undergone debulking(More)