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Eighteen known nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAID) were tested for their action against soybean lipoxygenase (E.C. using linoleic acid as substrate. It was found that the best inhibitors of lipoxygenase were naproxen, BW 755C, indomethacin and isoxicam. Drugs with intermediate potency were meclofenamic acid, phenylbutazone and(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE In vivo MR imaging and postmortem neuropathologic studies have demonstrated elevated iron concentration and atrophy within the striatum of patients with Huntington disease, implicating neuronal loss and iron accumulation in the pathogenesis of this neurodegenerative disorder. We used 7T MR imaging to determine whether quantitative(More)
In this study, we examined the expression and cellular localization of survivin and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) after controlled cortical impact traumatic brain injury (TBI) in rats. There was a remarkable and sustained induction of survivin mRNA and protein in the ipsilateral cortex and hippocampus of rats after TBI, peaking at five days post(More)
Heparan sulphate and dermatan sulphate have both antithrombotic and anticoagulant properties. These are, however, significantly weaker than those of a comparable amount of standard pig mucosal heparin. Antithrombotic and anticoagulant effects of glycosaminoglycans depend on their ability to catalyse the inhibition of thrombin and/or to inhibit the(More)
Accumulation of non-erythroid aII-spectrin and calpain-cleaved aII-spectrin breakdown products in cerebrospinal ¯uid after traumatic brain injury in rats Abstract Although a number of increased CSF proteins have been correlated with brain damage and outcome after traumatic brain injury (TBI), a major limitation of currently tested biomarkers is a lack of(More)
The neurotoxicity of 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine, an impurity in an illicit drug, is expressed after its oxidation to 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium by monoamine oxidase. The pyridinium is concentrated by carrier-mediated transport into the mitochondria where it inhibits NADH dehydrogenase and, hence, ATP synthesis. Some structurally related(More)
The in vivo dopaminergic neurotoxic properties of 45 MPTP and MPP+ analogues and related compounds were examined by an intrastriatal microdialysis assay in conscious rats. MPP(+)-like toxicity, as evidenced by the irreversible effects on DA release and enhancement of lactate formation, was observed with a variety of structural types although no compound was(More)
Previous reports indicate that 4-benzyl-1-methyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (BMTP), the benzyl analogue of the Parkinsonian inducing neurotoxin 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP), is not neurotoxic in the C-57 black mouse even when administered at a dose 10 times greater than the dose of MPTP required to cause an 85% depletion of(More)
The presence and specificity of anti-lymphocyte antibodies (ALA) was investigated in sera from male homosexuals with AIDS-Related Complex (ARC) as well as healthy homosexuals. Individuals in the healthy homosexual group had no detectable antibodies to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Antibodies reactive with normal peripheral blood mononuclear cells were(More)
Amyloid fibrils were isolated by extraction in water from the livers and spleens of four patients who had died of monoclonal, light-chain (AL)-type, systemic amyloidosis and one with reactive systemic, amyloid A protein (AA)-type amyloidosis. Each fibril preparation contained 1-2% by weight of glycosaminoglycan (GAG) which was tightly associated with the(More)