Learn More
Fifty-one isolates of Rhizobium leguminosarum biovar phaseoli from various geographic and ecological sources, largely in Mexico, were characterized by the electrophoretic mobilities of 15 metabolic enzymes, and 46 distinctive multilocus genotypes (electrophoretic types [ETs]) were distinguished on the basis of allele profiles at the enzyme loci. Mean(More)
Rhizobium meliloti nodulation (nod) genes required for specific infection and nodulation of alfalfa have been cloned. Transposon Tn5 mutagenesis defined three nod regions spanning 16 kilobases of the pSym megaplasmid. Genetic and cytological studies of 62 nodulation-defective mutants allowed the assignment of symbiotic developmental phenotypes to common and(More)
Rhizobium phaseoli CFN299 forms nitrogen-fixing nodules in Phaseolus vulgaris (bean) and in Leucaena esculenta. It has three plasmids of 185, 225, and 410 kilobases. The 410-kilobase plasmid contains the nitrogenase structural genes. We have transferred these plasmids to the plasmid-free strain Agrobacterium tumefaciens GMI9023. Transconjugants containing(More)
We describe a novel filamentous phage, designated VGJ phi, isolated from strain SG25-1 of Vibrio cholerae O139, which infects all O1 (classical and El Tor) and O139 strains tested. The sequence of the 7,542 nucleotides of the phage genome reveals that VGJ phi has a distinctive region of 775 nucleotides and a conserved region with an overall genomic(More)
A novel filamentous bacteriophage, designated VEJphi, was isolated from strain MO45 of Vibrio cholerae of the O139 serogroup. A molecular characterization of the phage was carried out, which included sequencing of its whole genome, study of the genomic structure, identification of the phage receptor, and determination of the function of some of the genes,(More)
Rhizobium species elicit the formation of nitrogen-fixing root nodules through a complex interaction between bacteria and plants. Various bacterial genes involved in the nodulation and nitrogen-fixation processes have been described and most have been localized on the symbiotic plasmids (pSym). We have found a gene encoding citrate synthase on the pSym(More)
The main virulence factor of Vibrio cholerae, the cholera toxin, is encoded by the ctxAB operon, which is contained in the genome of the lysogenic filamentous phage CTX phi. This phage transmits ctxAB genes between V. cholerae bacterial populations that express toxin-coregulated pilus (TCP), the CTX phi receptor. In investigating new forms of ctxAB(More)
We have studied oxygenation of fatty acids by cell extract of Pseudomonas aeruginosa 42A2. Oleic acid ((9Z)-18:1) was transformed to (10S)-hydroperoxy-(8E)-octadecenoic acid ((10S)-HPOME) and to (7S,10S)-dihydroxy-(8E)-octadecenoic acid (7,10-DiHOME). Experiments under oxygen-18 showed that 7,10-DiHOME contained oxygen from air and was formed sequentially(More)
Repeated DNA sequences are a general characteristic of eucaryotic genomes. Although several examples of DNA reiteration have been found in procaryotic organisms, only in the case of the archaebacteria Halobacterium halobium and Halobacterium volcanii [C. Sapienza and W. F. Doolittle, Nature (London) 295:384-389, 1982], has DNA reiteration been reported as a(More)
Cystic Fibrosis (CF) is an inherited pleiotropic disease that results from abnormalities in the gene codes of a chloride channel. The lungs of CF patients are chronically infected by several pathogens but bacteraemia have rarely been reported in this pathology. Besides that, circulating monocytes in CF patients exhibit a patent Endotoxin Tolerance (ET)(More)