Erich S Luschei

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BACKGROUND Tongue activity plays a crucial role in both oral and pharyngeal phases of swallowing. In this study, maximum lingual isometric and swallowing pressures were quantified in two groups of healthy men to investigate possible age effects on performance. Magnetic resonance images of the brain were also obtained to examine the relationship between(More)
Tongue strength and endurance (fatigue) were examined in subjects who have acquired high skill levels with their tongues (supranormal) and in subjects who use the tongue normally. The supranormal groups were trumpet players and high school debaters who were able to speak intelligibly at rates much faster than normal. Hand strength and fatigue were also(More)
1. Isometric tension resulting from electrical stimulation of the abducens nerve was measured in the lateral rectus muscle of anaesthetized monkeys.2. The lateral rectus showed no increase in maximum tension at stimulus frequencies greater than 400/sec.3. However, at frequencies between 400 and 600/sec, the rate of change of tension increased so that(More)
We tested the hypothesis that different strategies are used to alter tracheal pressure (Pt) during sustained and transient increases in intensity. It has been suggested that the respiratory system plays the primary role in Pt changes associated with alteration in overall intensity, whereas laryngeal adjustment is primary for transient change in Pt related(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare electromyographic (EMG) amplitudes of the thyroarytenoid (TA) muscle in young and older individuals and individuals with idiopathic PD (IPD) under conditions of known vocal loudness (sound pressure level). BACKGROUND Voice disorders frequently accompany aging and IPD, but it is unclear how laryngeal muscle physiology is affected by(More)
Weakness and fatigue in the orofacial system often are presumed to contribute to the dysarthria associated with neuromotor disorders, although previous research findings are equivocal. In this study, tongue strength, endurance, and stability during a sustained submaximal effort were assessed in 16 persons with mild to severe Parkinson disease (PD) and a(More)
1. Small 'step' or sinusoidal displacements were imposed on the mandible while human subjects maintained an average biting force of 10 N. Phase-related changes in the force resisting sinusoidal displacement were used to determine the mechanical stiffness of the human mandibular system as a function of the frequency of stretching. 2. Jaw-muscle(More)
This paper will provide a review of aspects of vocal aging within the context of general body aging and describe two data sets related to the aging voice. Data will be presented which document pre- to posttreatment improvement in select voice characteristics (sound pressure level, subglottal air pressure, thyroarytenoid laryngeal muscle activity and voice(More)