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OBJECTIVE Circulating concentrations of asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA), an endogenous inhibitor of nitric oxide synthesis, are elevated in conditions associated with increased cardiovascular risk. We investigated whether elevated ADMA concentrations predict major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) in patients with advanced peripheral artery disease(More)
OBJECTIVE The intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1/CD54) and its ligand, CD11a/CD18, mediate endothelial adhesion of leukocytes and their consecutive transmigration. Anti-inflammatory effects of statins are considered to be exerted in part through inhibition of leukocyte-endothelial interactions. We investigated the in vivo effects of simvastatin(More)
BACKGROUND Excess body weight is a risk factor for a first venous thromboembolism. The impact of excess body weight on risk of recurrent venous thrombosis is uncertain. METHODS We studied 1107 patients for an average of 46 months after a first unprovoked venous thromboembolism and withdrawal of anticoagulant therapy. Excluded were pregnant patients, those(More)
BACKGROUND Fibrinogen is a key factor in the coagulation cascade, it exhibits proinflammatory properties, and it is suggested to play a pivotal role in atherogenesis. We investigated whether fibrinogen predicts future progression of carotid atherosclerosis, analyzing whether fibrinogen levels add to the prognostic information of other inflammatory(More)
CONTEXT Widespread screening of patients with venous thromboembolism (VTE) for thrombophilic risk factors has become common clinical practice. Because of the increasing number of risk factors, assessing the risk of recurrence in an individual patient is intricate; therefore, a laboratory method that measures multifactorial thrombophilia is required. (More)
Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty with stenting (PTAS) has become a treatment option for severe carotid stenosis. The goal of our study was to determine prospectively neurocognitive outcome 6 months after unilateral stent-protected carotid angioplasty. Twenty consecutive patients who underwent stent-protected angioplasty for symptomatic (n=9) or(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Magnesium (Mg) deficiency is thought to be a risk factor for cerebrovascular atherosclerosis and complications. We investigated the prognostic impact of Mg serum levels with respect to the occurrence of neurological events in patients with advanced atherosclerosis. METHODS We prospectively studied 323 patients with symptomatic(More)
BACKGROUND Beyond lipid lowering, various antiinflammatory properties have been ascribed to statins. Moreover, in vitro studies have suggested the presence of anticoagulant effects of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase inhibitors, as lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced monocyte tissue factor (TF) was suppressed. In this study, we examined the role(More)
BACKGROUND Endoluminal treatment of superficial femoral artery lesions is a matter of controversy. The present study was designed to investigate the impact of nitinol stenting of superficial femoral artery lesions with a maximum length of 10 cm on restenosis and clinical outcomes at 1 year. METHODS AND RESULTS Two hundred forty-four patients (168 men;(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Atherosclerosis is a systemic inflammatory disease. We demonstrated previously that high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) is associated with short-term progression of carotid atherosclerosis. We now investigated whether baseline levels of hs-CRP predict midterm clinical outcome in these patients. METHODS We prospectively(More)