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The two most prominent neutral lipids of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, triacylglycerols (TAG) and steryl esters (SE), are synthesized by the two TAG synthases Dga1p and Lro1p and the two SE synthases Are1p and Are2p. In this study, we made use of a set of triple mutants with only one of these acyltransferases active to elucidate the contribution of(More)
In the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, two acyl-CoA:sterol acyltransferases (ASATs) that catalyze the synthesis of steryl esters have been identified, namely Are2p (Sat1p) and Are1p (Sat2p). Deletion of either ARE1 or ARE2 has no effect on cell viability, and are1are2 double mutants grow in a similar manner to wild-type despite the complete lack of cellular(More)
Lipid droplets (LD) are the main depot of non-polar lipids in all eukaryotic cells. In the present study we describe isolation and characterization of LD from the industrial yeast Pichia pastoris. We designed and adapted an isolation procedure which allowed us to obtain this subcellular fraction at high purity as judged by quality control using appropriate(More)
In the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, neutral lipids can be synthesized by four acyltransferases, namely Dga1p and Lro1p producing triacylglycerols (TAG) and Are1p and Are2p forming steryl esters (SE). TAG and SE are stored in an organelle called lipid particles/droplet. Growth of yeast cells on oleate-supplemented media strongly induced proliferation of(More)
Squalene belongs to the group of isoprenoids and is a precursor for the synthesis of sterols, steroids, and ubiquinones. In the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the amount of squalene can be increased by variation of growth conditions or by genetic manipulation. In this report, we show that a hem1Delta mutant accumulated a large amount of squalene, which was(More)
Sterols are major lipids in eukaryotes and differ in their specific structure between species. Both cholesterol and ergosterol can form liquid ordered domains in artificial membranes. We reasoned that substituting the main sterol ergosterol by cholesterol in yeast should permit domain formation and discriminate between physical and sterol(More)
Highly purified peroxisomes from the yeast Pichia pastoris grown on methanol or oleic acid, respectively, were used to characterize the lipid composition of this organelle. For this purpose, an isolation procedure had to be adapted which yielded highly purified P. pastoris peroxisomes. When peroxisome proliferation was induced by growth on methanol, alcohol(More)
An extracellular acid phosphatase (EC 3.1.3.2) from crude culture filtrate of Penicillium chrysogenum was purified to homogeneity using high-performance ion-exchange chromatography and size-exclusion chromatography. SDS-PAGE of the purified enzyme exhibited a single stained band at an Mr of approx. 57,000. The mobility of the native enzyme indicated the Mr(More)
Fungal sphingolipids contain ceramide with a very-long-chain fatty acid (C26). To investigate the physiological significance of the C26-substitution on this lipid, we performed a screen for mutants that are synthetically lethal with ELO3. Elo3p is a component of the ER-associated fatty acid elongase and is required for the final elongation cycle to produce(More)
The Saccharomyces cerevisiae open reading frame YNL231C was recently found to be controlled by the multiple drug resistance regulator Pdr1p. Here we characterize YNL231C (PDR16) and its homologue YNL264C (PDR17). Deletion of PDR16 resulted in hypersensitivity of yeast to azole inhibitors of ergosterol biosynthesis. While no increase in drug sensitivity was(More)