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The IncP alpha promiscuous plasmid (R18, R68, RK2, RP1 and RP4) comprises 60,099 bp of nucleotide sequence, encoding at least 74 genes. About 40 kb of the genome, designated the IncP core and including all essential replication and transfer functions, can be aligned with equivalent sequences in the IncP beta plasmid R751. The compiled IncP alpha sequence(More)
The broad host range IncP plasmids are of particular interest because of their ability to promote gene spread between diverse bacterial species. To facilitate study of these plasmids we have compiled the complete sequence of the IncPbeta plasmid R751. Comparison with the sequence of the IncPalpha plasmids confirms the conservation of the IncP backbone of(More)
Plasmid RP4 primase was overproduced by utilizing autoregulated high-level expression vector systems in Escherichia coli and in four other Gram-negative bacterial species. Analysis of the products in E. coli revealed that in addition to the two primase polypeptides of 118 and 80 kDa the pri region of RP4 encodes two smaller proteins of 16.5 and 8.6 kDa. The(More)
The TraI protein of plasmid RP4 (IncP alpha) catalyzes a site- and strand-specific cleaving-joining reaction on form I or single-stranded DNA. Thus, TraI is one of the key components involved in the initiation and termination of horizontal DNA transfer by bacterial conjugation. Amino acid sequence comparison revealed three motifs in the TraI sequence(More)
The KorB protein of the broad-host-range plasmid RP4 acts as a multifunctional regulator of plasmid housekeeping genes, including those responsible for replication, maintenance and conjugation. Additionally, KorB functions as the ParB analog of the plasmid's partitioning system. The protein structure consists of eight helices, two of which belong to a(More)
Bacterial conjugation is an important source of genetic plasticity. The initiation complex for conjugative transfer of transmissible plasmids--the relaxosome--is a specific DNA-protein structure that has been isolated from cells and reconstituted from purified components in vitro. Complexes containing uncleaved DNA and DNA cleaved at the nicsite in the(More)
The type IV secretion system of Helicobacter pylori consists of 10--15 proteins responsible for transport of the transforming protein CagA into target epithelial cells. Secretion of CagA crucially depends on the hexameric ATPase, HP0525, a member of the VirB11-PulE family. We present the crystal structure of a binary complex of HP0525 bound to ADP. Each(More)
DNA transfer by bacterial conjugation requires a mating pair formation (Mpf) system that specifies functions for establishing the physical contact between the donor and the recipient cell and for DNA transport across membranes. Plasmid RP4 (IncP alpha) contains two transfer regions designated Tra1 and Tra2, both of which contribute to Mpf. Twelve components(More)
RP4 TrbB, an essential component of the conjugative transfer apparatus of the broad-host-range plasmid RP4, is a member of the PulE protein superfamily involved in multicomponent machineries transporting macromolecules across the bacterial envelope. PulE-like proteins share several well conserved motifs, most notable a nucleoside triphosphate binding motif(More)