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The IncP alpha promiscuous plasmid (R18, R68, RK2, RP1 and RP4) comprises 60,099 bp of nucleotide sequence, encoding at least 74 genes. About 40 kb of the genome, designated the IncP core and including all essential replication and transfer functions, can be aligned with equivalent sequences in the IncP beta plasmid R751. The compiled IncP alpha sequence(More)
The broad host range IncP plasmids are of particular interest because of their ability to promote gene spread between diverse bacterial species. To facilitate study of these plasmids we have compiled the complete sequence of the IncPbeta plasmid R751. Comparison with the sequence of the IncPalpha plasmids confirms the conservation of the IncP backbone of(More)
Plasmid RP4 primase was overproduced by utilizing autoregulated high-level expression vector systems in Escherichia coli and in four other Gram-negative bacterial species. Analysis of the products in E. coli revealed that in addition to the two primase polypeptides of 118 and 80 kDa the pri region of RP4 encodes two smaller proteins of 16.5 and 8.6 kDa. The(More)
Employing the biparental exogenous plasmid isolation method, conjugative plasmids conferring mercury resistance were isolated from the microbial community of the rhizosphere of field grown alfalfa plants. Five different plasmids were identified, designated pSB101-pSB105. One of the plasmids, pSB102, displayed broad host range (bhr) properties for plasmid(More)
Bacterial conjugation is an important source of genetic plasticity. The initiation complex for conjugative transfer of transmissible plasmids--the relaxosome--is a specific DNA-protein structure that has been isolated from cells and reconstituted from purified components in vitro. Complexes containing uncleaved DNA and DNA cleaved at the nicsite in the(More)
We constructed a transfer system consisting of two compatible multicopy plasmids carrying the transfer regions Tra1 and Tra2 of the broad-host-range IncP plasmid RP4. In this system, the plasmid containing the Tra1 region with the origin of transfer (oriT) was transferred, whereas additional functions essential for the conjugative process were provided from(More)
PY54 is a temperate phage isolated from Yersinia enterocolitica. Lysogenic Yersinia strains harbour the PY54 prophage as a plasmid (pY54). The plasmid has the same size (46 kb) as the PY54 genome isolated from phage particles. By electron microscopy, restriction analysis and DNA sequencing, it was demonstrated that the phage and the plasmid DNAs are linear,(More)
Escherichia coli phage N15 encodes the slightly acidic, 630-residue protein of 72.2 kDa called protelomerase (TelN). TelN is a component of the N15 replication system proposed to be involved in the generation of the linear prophage DNA. This linear DNA molecule has covalently closed ends. The reaction converting circular plasmids into linear molecules was(More)
The type IV secretion system of Helicobacter pylori consists of 10--15 proteins responsible for transport of the transforming protein CagA into target epithelial cells. Secretion of CagA crucially depends on the hexameric ATPase, HP0525, a member of the VirB11-PulE family. We present the crystal structure of a binary complex of HP0525 bound to ADP. Each(More)