Erich L Grimm

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Parkinson's disease is characterized by a loss of dopaminergic nigrostriatal neurons. This neuronal loss is mimicked by the neurotoxin 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP+). MPP+ toxicity is mediated through inhibition of mitochondrial complex I, decreasing ATP production, and upregulation of oxygen radicals. There is evidence that the cell death induced by(More)
Caspase-3-deficient mice of the 129S1/SvImJ (129) strain show severe brain development defects resulting in brain overgrowth and perinatal lethality, whereas on the C57BL/6J (B6) background, these mice develop normally. We therefore sought to identify the strain-dependent ameliorating gene. We biochemically isolated caspase-7 from B6-caspase-3-null(More)
A series of potent and selective inhibitors of the inducible microsomal PGE2 synthase (mPGES-1) has been developed based on the indole FLAP inhibitor MK-886. Compounds 23 and 30 inhibit mPGES-1 with potencies in the low nanomolar range and with selectivities of at least 100-fold compared to their inhibition of mPGES-2, thromboxane synthase and binding(More)
The discovery of novel and selective inhibitors of human 5-lipoxygenase (5-LO) is described. These compounds are potent, orally bioavailable, and active at inhibiting leukotriene biosynthesis in vivo in a dog PK/PD model. A major focus of the optimization process was to reduce affinity for the human ether-a-go-go gene potassium channel while preserving(More)
The introduction of a hydroxyl group into the 5-position of the diaryl furanone system provides highly selective inhibitors of cyclooxygenase-2. These molecules can be converted into their sodium salts which are water soluble, facilitating intravenous formulation. These salts show excellent potency in rat models of pain, fever and inflammation.
Caspases are cysteine proteases that specifically cleave Asp-Xxx bonds. They are key agents in inflammation and apoptosis and are attractive targets for therapy against inflammation, neurodegeneration, ischemia, and cancer. Many caspase structures are known, but most involve either peptide or protein inhibitors, unattractive candidates for drug development.(More)
Leukotriene biosynthesis inhibitors have potential as therapeutic agents for asthma and inflammatory diseases. A novel series of substituted coumarin derivatives has been synthesized and the structure-activity relationship was evaluated with respect to their ability to inhibit the formation of leukotrienes via the human 5-lipoxygenase enzyme.
Caspase-3 is a cysteinyl protease that mediates apoptotic cell death. Its inhibition may have an important impact in the treatment of several degenerative diseases. Since P(1) aspartic acid is a required element of recognition for this enzyme, a library of capped aspartyl aldehydes was synthesized using solid-phase chemistry. The 5-bromonicotinamide(More)
An oral bioavailability issue encountered during the course of lead optimization in the renin program is described herein. The low F(po) of pyridone analogs was shown to be caused by a combination of poor passive permeability and gut efflux transport. Substitution of pyridone ring for a more lipophilic moiety (logD>1.7) had minimal effect on rMdr1a(More)