Erich K S Chan

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BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE A method to increase light transport deeply into target areas of tissue would enhance both therapeutic and diagnostic laser applications. The effects of a hyperosmotic agent on the scattering properties of rat and hamster skin were investigated. STUDY DESIGN/MATERIALS AND METHODS A hyperosmotic agent, glycerol, was applied in(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE In general, the remitted fluorescence spectrum is affected by the scattering and absorption properties of tissue. Other important factors are boundary conditions, geometry of the tissue sample, and the quantum yield of tissue fluorophores. Each of these factors is examined through a series of Monte Carlo simulations. STUDY(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Temperature feedback control (TFC) during laser-assisted tissue welding was implemented to eliminate exponential increases in the rate of denaturation associated with rapidly increasing temperatures. This study was undertaken to investigate and compare the weld strengths and healing responses of laser welded enterotomies with and(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Laser tissue soldering by using an indocyanine green (ICG)-doped protein solder applied topically to the tissue surface and denatured with a diode laser was investigated in Part I of this study. The depth of light absorption was predominantly determined by the concentration of the ICG dye added to the solder. This study builds on(More)
Wound stabilization is critical in early wound healing. Other than superficial skin wounds, most tissue repair is exposed to a hydrated environment postoperatively. To simulate the stability of laser-soldered tissue in a wet environment, we studied the effects of hydration on laser soldered rat dermis and baboon articular cartilage. In this in vitro study,(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Several published reports describe the benefits of using the carbon dioxide laser for cutaneous resurfacing. The mechanisms on which skin resurfacing work are still not completely understood. This study was performed to obtain quantitative and qualitative information describing the thermal response of skin during high-energy,(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE We investigated the feasibility of a microjet to dispense protein solder for laser assisted soldering. STUDY DESIGN Successive micro solder droplets were deposited on rat dermis and bovine intima specimens. Fixed laser exposure was synchronized with the jetting of each droplet. After photocoagulation, each specimen was cut into(More)
Optical properties obtained from spectrophotometer measurements of reflectance and transmittance were determined for both frozen-ground and intact soft tissues. The tissues used in these experiments were calf aorta, rat jejunum, and rabbit sciatic nerve. Tissue specimens from each tissue type were frozen in liquid nitrogen and then ground with a pestle and(More)
In this study, the effectiveness of pulsed and continuous wave (CW) holmium: YAG lasers in coagulating in vitro pig corneas was analyzed. With the CW laser, irradiance and exposure time were varied; irradiance, from 162 to 324 W/cm2 and exposure time, from 200 to 800 ms. With the pulsed laser, number of pulses and radiant exposure were varied; number of(More)