Erich J. Kushner

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Excess adiposity is associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) play an important role in vascular repair. We tested the hypothesis that increased adiposity is associated with EPC dysfunction, characterized by diminished capacity to release angiogenic cytokines, increased apoptotic susceptibility,(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate whether adiposity influences endothelial progenitor cell (EPC) number and colony-forming capacity. DESIGN Cross-sectional study of normal weight, overweight and obese adult humans. PARTICIPANTS Sixty-seven sedentary adults (aged 45-65 years): 25 normal weight (body mass index (BMI) <or=25 kg/m(2); 12 males/13 females); 18(More)
BACKGROUND Telomere length declines with age in mature endothelial cells and is thought to contribute to endothelial dysfunction and atherogenesis. Bone marrow-derived circulating endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) are critical to vascular health as they contribute to both reendothelialization and neovascularization. We tested the hypothesis that EPC(More)
CD31(+) T cells, or so-called "angiogenic T cells," have been shown to demonstrate vasculoprotective and neovasculogenic qualities. The influence of age on CD31(+) T-cell number and function is unclear. We tested the hypothesis that circulating CD31(+) T-cell number and migratory capacity are reduced, apoptotic susceptibility is heightened, and telomere(More)
The aim of this study was to determine if aging is associated with enhanced endothelial progenitor cell (EPC) sensitivity to apoptosis. Cells with phenotypic EPC characteristics were isolated from healthy, nonobese young (age 25 ± 1 years) and older (61 ± 1 years) men. Intracellular active caspase-3 concentrations in response to staurosporine stimulation(More)
Prehypertension is associated with significant damage to the coronary vasculature and increased rates of adverse cardiovascular events. Circulating endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) are critical to vascular repair and the formation of new blood vessels. We tested the hypothesis that prehypertension is associated with EPC dysfunction. Peripheral blood(More)
BACKGROUND: Between the ages of 45 and 65 years, the prevalence of cardiovascular disease is significantly lower in women compared with men. Circulating bone marrow-derived endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) play an important role in vascular repair. Reduced EPC number is predictive of more cardiovascular events. It is currently unknown whether there is a(More)
Deficits in endothelial cell repair mechanisms are thought to contribute to the aetiology of endothelial dysfunction and, subsequently, cardiovascular disease (CVD). CD31(+) T cells or so-called "angiogenic T cells" are a newly defined T cell subset that exhibit favourable vascular qualities and show a strong negative relation with atherosclerotic disease(More)
In contrast to CD3(+)/CD31(-) cells, CD3(+)/CD31(+) cells aid in endothelial repair and revascularization. There are limited data regarding the functional differences between circulating CD3(+)/CD31(+) and CD3(+)/CD31(-) cells that may contribute to their divergent cardiovascular effects. The aim of the present study was to characterize functional(More)