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Transcription of erythroid-expressed genes and normal erythroid development in vivo are dependent on a regulatory protein (GATA-1) that recognizes a consensus GATA motif. GATA-1 expression is itself restricted to erythroid progenitors and to two related hematopoietic lineages, megakaryocytes and mast cells. During cellular maturation the levels of GATA-1(More)
The cytochrome b heavy chain (gp91-phox) is expressed exclusively in terminally differentiating myelomonocytic cells. The human gp91-phox gene spans approximately 30 kilobases, and is divided into 13 exons. A ubiquitous factor that is indistinguishable from the CCAAT-binding factor CP1 interacts in vitro with the distal gp91-phox promoter CCAAT box motif.(More)
In contrast to wet age-related macular degeneration (AMD), where loss of vision is typically acute and treatment leads to a relatively rapid reduction in retinal fluid and subsequent improvements in visual acuity (VA), disease progression and vision loss in geographic atrophy (GA) owing to AMD are gradual processes. Although GA can result in significant(More)
A simple and rapid strategy for DNA sequence analysis based on the Sanger chain-termination method is described. This procedure utilizes full-sized inserts of 1 to 4 kb of DNA cloned into M13 bacteriophage vectors. After the sequence of the first 600-650 bp of the insert DNA has been determined with the commercially available universal vector primer, a(More)
Mutations in the Aire gene result in a clinical phenomenon known as Autoimmune Polyglandular Syndrome (APS) Type I, which classically manifests as a triad of adrenal insufficiency, hypoparathyroidism, and chronic mucocutaneous infections. In addition to this triad, a number of other autoimmune diseases have been observed in APS1 patients including Sjögren's(More)
PURPOSE To explore non-invasive, protein-based, membrane array technology as a means to evaluate the global immune and angiogenic profile of tear proteins in patients with active ocular cicatricial pemphigoid (OCP). METHODS Forty-three proteins consisting of cytokines, angiogenic/growth factors, and immunoinflammatory modulators were measured by membrane(More)
A cDNA clone YT35 , synthesized from poly(A)+ RNA of the human T cell tumor Molt 3, exhibits homology to the variable (V), joining (J), and constant (C) regions of immunoglobulin genes. We have isolated and sequenced the germ-line V and J gene segment counterparts to YT35 from a human cosmid library, and these failed to encode 14 nucleotides of the cDNA(More)
A major regulatory element required for expression of the human alpha-globin genes is located 40 kb upstream of the embryonic zeta-globin gene. To understand how this and other locus control region (LCR) elements contribute to high-level expression in erythroid cells, we have performed high-resolution, in vivo dimethyl sulfate footprinting. In addition, we(More)
It has been postulated that the variable region of the beta-polypeptide of the murine T-cell antigen receptor is encoded by three distinct germ-line gene segments--variable (V beta), diversity (D beta) and joining (J beta)--that are rearranged to generate a V beta gene. Germ-line V beta and J beta gene segments have been isolated previously. Here we report(More)
UNLABELLED The vascular beds supplying the retina may sustain injury as a result of underlying disease such as diabetes, and/or the interaction of genetic predisposition, environmental insults, and age. The vascular pathologic features observed in different intraocular vascular diseases can be categorized broadly as proliferation, exemplified by(More)