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Pramipexole has been shown to possess neuroprotective properties in vitro that are partly independent of its dopaminergic agonism. The site of neuroprotective action is still unknown. Using [(3)H]pramipexole, we show that the drug enters and accumulates in cells and mitochondria. Detoxification of reactive oxygen species (ROS) by pramipexole is shown in(More)
The translocation site (translocon), at which nascent polypeptides pass through the endoplasmic reticulum membrane, contains a component previously called 'signal sequence receptor' that is now renamed as 'translocon-associated protein' (TRAP). Two glycosylated subunits of the TRAP complex have been identified before (alpha and beta subunits). We now show(More)
Cell proliferation of neural progenitors in the subventricular zone (SVZ) of Parkinson disease (PD) patients and animal models is decreased. It was previously demonstrated that the neurotransmitter dopamine modulates cell proliferation in the embryonic brain. The aim of the present study was to analyze whether oral treatment with the dopamine receptor(More)
The immunophilin ligand FK506 (Tacrolimus) is used for prevention of graft rejection following organ transplantation. FK506 is a high-affinity ligand for FK506-binding proteins, an immunophilin subgroup of peptidyl-prolyl-cis/trans-rotamases abundant in the mammalian brain. Here, we demonstrate that FK506 is a potent survival factor that prevents neuronal(More)
Treatment with pramipexole, a dopamine D(3)/D(2) receptor agonist, reduces depressive symptoms in patients suffering from Parkinson's disease. To test the putative antidepressant quality of pramipexole, its effects were assessed in one of the most attractive animal models of depression, the olfactory bulbectomized (OBX) rat. Two experiments studied the(More)
BACKGROUND Pramipexole exists as two isomers. The S(-) enantiomer is a potent D3/D2 receptor agonist and is extensively used in the management of PD. In contrast, the R(+) enantiomer is virtually devoid of any of the DA agonist effects. Very limited studies are available to characterize the pharmacological spectrum of the R(+) enantiomer of pramipexole. (More)
BACKGROUND The death of dopaminergic neurons in Parkinson's disease (PD) appears to have various causes, including oxidative stress, excitotoxicity, mitochondrial dysfunction (and associated apoptosis), ubiquitin/proteasomal dysfunction, and inflammation, any of which could in principle be the therapeutic target of a neuroprotective drug. The biology of(More)
The immunosuppressant FK506 displays substantial neuroprotective and neuroregenerative effects. It is not fully understood to which extent these effects depend on the inhibition of the calcineurin phosphatase (PP2B). The present study has re-addressed this issue using Lie120, a novel highly specific inhibitor of calcineurin, which does not block the(More)
BACKGROUND This study compared the efficacy of ischemic preconditioning (IPC) and sodium-hydrogen exchanger (NHE)-1 inhibition to reduce infarct size (IS) induced by a 90-minute ischemic insult and examined the interaction between NHE-1 inhibition and IPC. METHODS AND RESULTS In a canine infarct model, either IPC, produced by 1 or four 5-minute coronary(More)
In Alzheimer's disease and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis deregulation of cyclin-dependent kinase 5 (CDK5) causes hyperphosphorylation of tau and neurofilament proteins, respectively, leading to neuronal cell death. We have demonstrated recently that pharmacological inhibition of CDK5 protects neurons under various stressful conditions (Weishaupt J. H., et(More)