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BACKGROUND The capacity of cancer cells to undergo epithelial mesenchymal trans-differentiation has been implicated as a factor driving metastasis, through the acquisition of enhanced migratory/invasive cell programs and the engagement of anti-apoptotic mechanisms promoting drug and radiation resistance. Our aim was to define molecular signaling changes(More)
Squamous cell carcinoma antigen (SCCA) belongs to the serine protease inhibitor (Serpin) family of proteins. Elevated expression of SCCA has been used as a biomarker for aggressive squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) in cancers of the cervix, lung, head and neck, and liver. However, SCCA expression in breast cancer has not been investigated. Immunohistochemical(More)
We describe a "fluorescence protection immunoassay," in which formation of an immune complex of a fluorescer-labeled antigen sterically protects the fluorescer from binding by antibodies to it. Competitive binding of unlabeled antigen by its antibody prevents formation of the fluorescer-labeled antigen immune complex, and allows anti-fluorescein to quench(More)
Nonisotopic assays for the measurement of autoantibodies to 65-kDa glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD65) have not previously achieved performance equivalent to radiobinding assays (RBA). We have developed a modified ELISA protocol, DELISA, for measuring autoantibodies to GAD65 in serum. The method overcomes the problems of poor sensitivity and specificity(More)
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