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Lymphocytes activated by antigen receptor cross-linking or phorbol esters adhere avidly to surfaces bearing intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1) through the adhesion receptor lymphocyte function-associated antigen 1 (LFA-1). It is not known whether avid adhesion by stimulated lymphocytes is due to higher affinity binding of ICAM-1 or due solely to(More)
Cytokines are inflammatory mediators important in responding to pathogens and other foreign challenges. Interleukin-4 (IL-4) and IL-13 are two cytokines produced by T helper type 2 cells, mast cells, and basophils. In addition to their physiological roles, these cytokines are also implicated in pathological conditions such as asthma and allergy. IL-4 can(More)
Signal transducer and activator of transcription 6 (Stat6) plays an important role in interleukin (IL)-4-induced responses. To analyze the regulation of Stat6 phosphorylation, cells were cultured in the continuous presence of IL-4 or after a pulse and washout. In the continual presence of IL-4, Stat6 remained phosphorylated for an extended period. After(More)
Interleukin-4 (IL-4) is a cytokine produced by T(H)2 type helper T cells and by mast cells, basophils, and eosinophils. This cytokine can elicit many responses, some of which are associated with allergy and asthma. Studies with long-term cell lines and primary cells have revealed differences in the signaling between these two experimental systems.(More)
Interleukin-13 (IL-13), like IL-4, is a cytokine produced by T(H)2 type helper T cells in response to signaling through the T cell antigen receptor and by mast cells and basophils upon cross-linkage of the high-affinity receptor for immunoglobulin E (IgE). It is also produced by activated eosinophils. IL-13 induces many of the same responses as IL-4 and(More)
We have previously shown that leukemia/lymphoma (LL) cells adhere to marrow stromal cells (MSC), and MSC induce clonal growth of LL cells. Even though CD11a/18 and CD54 are important in leukocyte and endothelial cell interaction, the literature suggested that these adhesion proteins are not involved in adhesion of hematopoietic stem cells to MSC. We(More)
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