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Manual dexterity is frequently evaluated in rehabilitation services to estimate hand function. Several tests have been developed for this purpose, including the Purdue Pegboard, which measures fine manual dexterity. The goals of the study were to verify the test-retest reliability with subjects aged 60 and over without upper limb impairment, and to develop(More)
BACKGROUND Protein kinase Cs are a family of enzymes that transduce the plethora of signals promoting lipid hydrolysis. Here, we show that protein kinase C must first be processed by three distinct phosphorylations before it is competent to respond to second messengers. RESULTS We have identified the positions and functions of the in vivo phosphorylation(More)
BACKGROUND Phosphorylation critically regulates the catalytic function of most members of the protein kinase superfamily. One such member, protein kinase C (PKC), contains two phosphorylation switches: a site on the activation loop that is phosphorylated by another kinase, and two autophosphorylation sites in the carboxyl terminus. For conventional PKC(More)
A tridimensional (3-D) x-ray method of evaluation of the shoulder was contrasted with six clinical and radiologic techniques used to evaluate shoulder subluxation, in 50 hemiplegic subjects. The 3-D evaluation is obtained through a mathematical computation associating two x-rays of the same shoulder, one taken at 0 degree (anteroposterior) and the other at(More)
Inferior subluxation of the shoulder in hemiplegia was measured using a tridimensional (3-D) x-ray technique. This technique gave the true vertical distance separating the apex of the humeral head and the inferior margin of the glenoid cavity. Both shoulders of each subject were evaluated and the difference used as a measure of subluxation. This measure was(More)
Manual dexterity is a skill frequently evaluated in rehabilitation to estimate hand function. Several tests have been developed for this purpose, including the Box and Block Test (BBT) that measures gross manual dexterity. The goal of the present study was to verify the test-retest reliability and construct validity of the BBT with subjects aged 60 and over(More)
Grip strength is considered to be a good indicator of upper limb strength. The Jamar dynamometer and the Martin vigorimeter are two instruments frequently used to assess grip strength in clinical and research settings. The purpose of this study was to compare these instruments for assessing grip strength in 360 people aged 60 to 94 years, randomly selected(More)
The relationship between upper extremity motor function and independence in basic activities of daily living in subjects with hemiplegia was explored. The Barthel Index (Mahoney & Barthel, 1965) and the Fugl-Meyer Test (Fugl-Meyer, Jääskö, Leyman, Olsson, & Steglind, 1975) were selected as the standard instruments for the evaluation of activities of daily(More)
Motor co-ordination is an important prerequisite to adequate upper-extremity performance. With the ageing of the population, more and more elderly people are at risk of acquiring upper-extremity motor inco-ordination following sensorimotor deficit. The main objective of the study was to develop normative data on upper-extremity motor co-ordination for(More)
An evaluation, based on the Bobath approach to treatment has been developed. A model, substantiating this evaluation is presented. In this model, the three stages of motor recovery presented by Bobath have been extended to six, to better follow the progression of the patient. Six parameters have also been identified. These are the elements to be quantified(More)