Erica M. Burns

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Evoked potential (EP) changes accompanying dementing processes have been documented in a number of studies. However, EPs have not been studied in subjects who are at heightened risk for the development of Alzheimer's Disease (AD). Nineteen volunteers with no immediate family members with a history of AD and 33 healthy subjects with at least one first-degree(More)
Age related alterations in cerebral capillary morphology were investigated in 4-, 10-, and 20-year-old Macaque monkeys and in 1-, 14-, 35-, 180-, and 800-day-old Sprague-Dawley rats. This study revealed the following changes with increasing age: a significant decrease in cerebral capillary wall thickness in frontal cortex in monkeys but not in rats; a(More)
Samples were obtained from the frontal and occipital cortex of Macaque monkeys at 4, 10 and 20 years of age. Electron microscopic studies revealed attenuation of capillary walls and declining numbers of endothelial mitochondria per capillary profile with increasing age. The basal lamina surrounding the capillary increased in thickness between 4 and 10 years(More)
Posterior dislocation of the sternoclavicular joint is a rare injury. It can be associated with life-threatening complications. Computed tomography is the imaging modality of choice with which possible associated injuries can be detected. Acute injuries are managed with closed reduction under general anaesthesia. A fracture-dislocation is inherently more(More)
Rapid dynamic computerized axial tomography (CT) density-time curves were used to detect abnormal brain regions in groups of controls and DSM-III diagnosed schizophrenics. Density-time curves were designated as plateau curves if, following a bolus injection of contrast material, they exhibited a plateau from the peak value rather than a decrease. Five of(More)
We have shown that significant ultrastructural changes occur with increasing age in the BBB in the nonhuman primate. It is probable that similar changes occur in aging humans. Clearly, morphophysiological changes, i.e., structural changes in cerebral capillaries, may alter the BBB mechanism as well as capillary perfusion which, in turn, may affect cerebral(More)
The presence of white matter changes on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), which has been referred to by Hachinski (1987) as leukoaraiosis, is frequently noted in elderly individuals in conditions ranging from health to frank dementia. This study involved the use of MRI to document cerebral structure if 41 healthy 50-60-year-old individuals, 28 of whom were(More)
Dynamic computerized tomographic brain scanning was used to make determinations of mean cerebral tissue nonenhanced density and contrast-enhanced density in 10 bilateral brain regions in 10 psychotic subjects. Asymmetry of both nonenhanced and contrast-enhanced density was observed; left regional nonenhanced values were higher than right, whereas(More)
The timing, intensity, and duration of the period of maximal susceptibility of the developing brain to ethanol have not been clearly elucidated. This study was designed to determine whether a lower blood ethanol concentration (BEC) or a brief exposure during the brain growth spurt in the rat might cause permanent brain damage. Two doses of ethanol (4 g/kg(More)