Erica L. Snow

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This study builds upon previous work aimed at developing a student model of reading comprehension ability within the intelligent tutoring system, iSTART. Currently, the system evaluates students' self-explanation performance using a local, sentence-level algorithm and does not adapt content based on reading ability. The current study leverages natural(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate students' patterns of interactions within a game-based intelligent tutoring system (ITS), and how those interactions varied as a function of individual differences. The analysis presented in this paper comprises a subset (n=40) of a larger study that included 124 high school students. Participants in the current(More)
This study expands upon an existing model of students' reading comprehension ability within an intelligent tutoring system. The current system evaluates students' natural language input using a local student model. We examine the potential to expand this model by assessing the linguistic features of self-explanations aggregated across entire passages. We(More)
This study investigates a new approach to automatically assessing essay quality that combines traditional approaches based on assessing textual features with new approaches that measure student attributes such as demographic information, standardized test scores, and survey results. The results demonstrate that combining both text features and student(More)
The ability of educational games to promote students' engagement in learning and practice depends on perceived enjoyment of those games. This study investigated high school students' perceptions and enjoyment of games within the Writing Pal intelligent tutoring system. In accord with research on motivation, results showed that perceived helpfulness and(More)
We investigate how writing proficiency relates to the flexible use of cohesion. Forty-five students wrote 16 essays across 8 sessions. Natural language processing techniques were used to calculate the cohesion of each essay. Random walk and Euclidian distance measures were then used to visualize and classify students' flexibility in cohesion across the(More)