Erica L. Baker

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Post-cardiothoracic surgery (CTS) complications (e.g. myocardial injury, renal dysfunction, atrial fibrillation) may occur as a result of enhanced systemic inflammation, perhaps provoked by an oxidative stress response. N-acetylcysteine (NAC) is a free radical scavenger antioxidant agent that may attenuate this physiologic response and reduce post-CTS(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE To assess the comparative efficacy of pharmacologic agents for the maintenance treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). DESIGN Traditional and mixed-treatment comparison (MTC) meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials. PATIENTS A total of 31,020 patients with COPD from 43 trials. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS A(More)
The abdominal and pelvic computed tomographic examinations in 28 patients with Crohn disease were analyzed and correlated with conventional barium studies, sinograms, and surgical findings. Mucosal abnormalities such as aphthous lesions, pseudopolyps, and ulcerations were only imaged by conventional techniques. Computed tomography proved superior in(More)
Clinical and radiologic findings in nine patients with AIDS and disseminated Pneumocystis carinii infection were analyzed retrospectively. The diagnosis was confirmed by autopsy (five patients) and by biopsy (two patients). All nine had a history of P. carinii pneumonia. CT showed parenchymal calcifications in the spleen (seven patients), liver (six(More)
We performed a meta-analysis of five randomized, placebo-controlled trials to characterize the impact of plant sterols/stanols on plasma lipids in patients with type 2 diabetes. Upon meta-analysis, plant sterols/stanols significantly reduced total and LDL cholesterol, with a trend towards improvement in HDL. No beneficial effect on triglycerides was(More)
PURPOSE A case of probable enoxaparin-induced hepatotoxicity is described. SUMMARY A 29-year-old woman sought treatment from a pulmonologist for a dry, hacking, constant cough not relieved by fast-acting inhalers or narcotic cough medications that had lasted for three weeks. Her primary care physician had earlier made a preliminary diagnosis of pertussis(More)
A 58-year-old man went to his physician with complaints of midepigastric pain, flatulence, belching, and shortness of breath. During a physical examination, the patient was in no acute distress. The patient underwent an ultrasound examination, which revealed cholelithiasis, a laparoscopic cholecystectomy, which revealed chronic gallbladder disease, and(More)
CONTEXT Recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) improves growth in patients with growth hormone deficiency or idiopathic short stature. Its role in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) is unclear. OBJECTIVE To review the effectiveness of rhGH in the treatment of patients with CF. METHODS Medline and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials were(More)
Feverfew has been studied for the treatment of migrane in several studies and the pharmacologic mechanisms are preliminarily understood. We performed a systematic review of randomized controlled trials and present the clinical findings and potential implications. The modality of data collection and reporting in the individual studies does not support a(More)
BACKGROUND Updating a systematic review may be necessary when newer evidence is available. Several barriers to conducting updated systematic reviews have been hypothesized. AIMS To conduct an Internet survey to identify the relationship between author and study characteristics and the intent to update a systematic review, to quantify this relationship,(More)