Erica K. Berggren

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OBJECTIVE The objective of the study was to compare perinatal outcomes among women diagnosed with gestational diabetes by the National Diabetes Data Group (NDDG) criteria with women meeting only Carpenter-Coustan criteria. STUDY DESIGN This was a 14 year retrospective cohort. Women who screened positive with 1 hour glucose load 140 mg/dL or greater(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether, among women with gestational diabetes (GDM), gestational weight gain above Institute of Medicine (IOM) guidelines increases the risk of large for gestational age (LGA) neonates. STUDY DESIGN We conducted a retrospective cohort study of singleton term pregnancies with GDM delivered at University of North Carolina Women's(More)
This article details the evaluation of a clinical services program for teen mothers in the District of Columbia. The program's primary objectives are to prevent unintended subsequent pregnancy and to promote contraceptive utilization. We calculated contraceptive utilization at 6, 12, 18, and 24 months after delivery, as well as occurrence of subsequent(More)
BACKGROUND We sought to evaluate perinatal outcomes by race/ethnicity among women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). METHODS We conducted a 14-year retrospective cohort study of women with GDM. Selected perinatal outcomes were examined. Unadjusted and adjusted prevalence ratios (PR, aPR) of perinatal outcomes, comparing Hispanic and African(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare perinatal outcomes between self-identified Hispanic and non-Hispanic white women with mild gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) or glucose intolerance. METHODS In a secondary analysis of a mild GDM treatment trial, we compared perinatal outcomes by race and ethnicity for 767 women with glucose intolerance (abnormal 50-g 1-hour screen,(More)
BACKGROUND Weight gain in pregnancy is an essential physiologic adaptation that supports growth and development of a fetus and is distributed among lean mass that includes total body water and fat mass gains. Although gestational weight gain provides a source of energy for the mother and fetus, excess gestational weight gain may underlie reported(More)
BACKGROUND Negative maternal and fetal consequences associated with Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae during pregnancy make diagnosis essential. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommend routine screening for sexually transmitted infections at the first prenatal visit, and third trimester repeat screening, specifically for C.(More)
BACKGROUND Maternal periodontal disease diagnosed by a detailed oral health examination is associated with preeclampsia. Our objective was to measure the association between maternal self-report of oral symptoms/problems, oral hygiene practices, and/or dental service use before or during pregnancy and severe preeclampsia. METHODS A written questionnaire(More)
In gestational diabetes (GDM), achieving euglycemia through treatment decreases the risk of adverse outcomes associated with hyperglycemia. Treatment starts with diet and nutritional counseling; however, up to 50% of women will require pharmacologic therapy to meet glucose goals. Although insulin remains the only Federal Drug Administration-approved agent(More)
medical intervention with a high return on investment women with chronic illness are significantly more likely to A (ROI) means that the health benefits gained by investment in the intervention compare favorably to its cost. In this issue of the American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Dr Peterson and colleagues report the substantial health and cost(More)