Erica J Graham

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Phospholipase A2 (PLA2) is pivotal in the rapid membrane-mediated actions of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1alpha,25(OH)2D3]. Microarray analysis indicated that PLA2 activating protein (PLAA) mRNA is upregulated 6-fold before rat growth plate cells exhibit 1alpha,25(OH)2D3-dependent protein kinase C (PKC) increases, suggesting that it plays an important role in(More)
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), a common cause of infertility in women, is often accompanied by abnormal reproductive and metabolic hormone levels. Specifically, androgens such as testosterone are elevated in many PCOS women, and the syndrome itself is frequently associated with insulin resistance, which leads to hyperinsulinemia, i.e., elevated insulin.(More)
Partial genomic clones for the 80 kDa subunits of rat calpains I and II have been isolated. Some exons have been located and sequenced, and used to synthesize RNA probes specific for each isoenzyme. The levels of total DNA, soluble protein, calpain II 80 kDa subunit and the mRNA for this subunit were measured in parallel in separate extracts of(More)
Monoclonal antibodies to human acrosin were required for studies of immunological interference with fertilization. Since human acrosin was not available in adequate amounts, monoclonal antibodies have been raised in mice against purified bovine acrosin and screened for cross-reaction with human sperm cells. Two of these antibodies are described, B4F6 and(More)
Insulin resistance, characterized by a reduced cellular response to insulin, is a major factor in type 2 diabetes pathogenesis, with a complex etiology consisting of a combination of environmental and genetic factors. Oxidative stress, which develops through an accumulation of toxic reactive oxygen species generated by mitochondria, is believed to(More)
Acrosin has been purified from human sperm cells by two alternative procedures which give purer products and in higher yields than could be achieved previously. The products were characterized by their molecular weight, catalytic action, sensitivity to inhibitors, and reaction with a polyclonal anti-acrosin antibody. After acid extraction of the cells, one(More)
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