Erica Ilene Lubetkin

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BACKGROUND The US Preventive Services Task Force recently recommended screening all adult patients for obesity due in part to the strong association between obesity and numerous chronic diseases. However, how obesity affects health-related quality-of-life (HRQL), particularly for persons without any chronic diseases, is less clear. METHODS The(More)
Introduction: Health-related quality of life (HRQL) measures are used increasingly in evaluations of clinical and population-based outcomes and in economic analyses. We investigate the influence of demographic, socioeconomic, and chronic disease factors on the HRQL of a representative U.S. sample. Methods: We examined data from 13,646 adults in the 2000(More)
OBJECTIVES The EuroQol Group recently released youth (Y) and 5-level (5L) versions of its 3-level EQ-5D instrument (3L) that measures health-related quality of life. In this study, we (1) compare 3L, Y, and 5L responses among US adults and (2) assess construct validity. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING Using a nationally representative sample of US adults (N =(More)
BACKGROUND   The EQ-5D is a generic preference-based health status measure that has been widely applied to measure the impact of Type 2 diabetes mellitus. This review summarizes evidence on the validity, reliability and responsiveness of the EQ-5D in studies of Type 2 diabetes and provides a catalogue of EQ-5D index scores for Type 2 diabetes and various(More)
BACKGROUND The profile-based SF-12 has a low respondent burden and is used widely in clinical settings to monitor health and evaluate programs. Deriving preference scores for the SF-12 health profile would permit its use in cost-effectiveness analyses. Previous mapping studies of SF family instruments to preference-based instruments have not examined(More)
BACKGROUND Preference scores for the Medical Outcomes Study (MOS) SF-12 would enable its use in cost-effectiveness analyses. Previous mapping studies of MOS instruments top reference-based instruments have not examined performance in national samples. PARTICIPANTS 15,000 adults in the 2000 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey annual survey including the SF-12(More)
BACKGROUND Quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs) use preference-based measurements of health-related quality-of-life (HRQOL) to provide an assessment of the overall burden of disease using a single number. PURPOSE This study estimated QALYs lost contributed by smoking and obesity for U.S. adults from 1993 to 2008. METHODS Population HRQOL data were from(More)
Objectives: Although the EQ-5D has been used with increasing frequency to measure health-related quality of life, to date, the measure's validity has not been examined in Chinese American immigrants. We evaluated the construct validity of the EQ-5D by testing its performance with respect to sociodemographic and clinical characteristics of the population and(More)
OBJECTIVES We estimated the burden of disease in the United States attributable to obesity by gender, with life expectancy, quality-adjusted life expectancy, years of life lost annually, and quality-adjusted life years lost annually as outcome measures. METHODS We obtained burden of disease estimates for adults falling into the following body-mass index(More)
OBJECTIVES We examined whether stress related to negative body image perception and the desire to lose weight explained some of the body mass index-health gradient. METHODS We used 2003 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System data to examine the impact of desired body weight, independent of actual body mass index, on the amount of physically and(More)