Erica Forzani

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To improve our understanding of indoor and outdoor personal exposures to common environmental toxicants released into the environment, new technologies that can monitor and quantify the toxicants anytime anywhere are needed. This paper presents a wearable sensor to provide such capabilities. The sensor can communicate with a common smart phone and provides(More)
This paper presents a glucose sensor using conducting polymer/enzyme nanojunctions and demonstrates that unique features can arise when shrinking a sensor to the nanometer scale. Each nanojunction is formed by bridging a pair of nanoelectrodes separated with a small gap (20−60 nm) with polyaniline/glucose oxidase. The signal transduction mechanism of the(More)
A wearable monitor that can reliably, accurately, and continuously measure personal exposure levels of various toxicants would not only accelerate the current environmental and occupational health and safety studies, but also enable new studies that are not possible with the current monitoring technology. Developing such a monitor has been a difficult(More)
We report on a hybrid chemical sensor that can perform either amperometric or conductometric detection alone or simultaneously. It consists of an array of electrode pairs in which the two electrodes in each pair are separated with micrometer to nanometer-scale gaps. The gaps are bridged with conducting polymer (polyaniline) so that one can measure the(More)
We report here a chemical sensor based on detecting the mechanical response of a thin (approximately 10-microm) polymer wire stretched across the two prongs of a wristwatch quartz tuning fork (QTF). When the fork is set to oscillate, the wire is stretched and compressed by the two prongs. The stretching/compression force changes upon adsorption of analyte(More)
Detection of arsenic in groundwater using a surface plasmon resonance sensor Erica S. Forzani a, Kyle Foley a, Paul Westerhoff b,∗∗, Nongjian Tao a,∗ a Department of Electrical Engineering & Center for Solid State Electronics Research, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287, United States b Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Arizona State(More)
We have built a high-resolution differential surface plasmon resonance (SPR) sensor for heavy metal ion detection. The sensor surface is divided into a reference and sensing areas, and the difference in the SPR angles from the two areas is detected with a quadrant cell photodetector as a differential signal. In the presence of metal ions, the differential(More)
We report here a novel bioelectrode based on self-assembled multilayers of polyphenol oxidase intercalated with cationic polyallylamine built up on a thiol-modified gold surface. We use an immobilization strategy previously described by Hodak J. et al. (Langmuir 1997, 13, 2708-2716) Quartz crystal microbalance with electroacustic impedance experiments were(More)
Real-time detection of trace chemicals, such as explosives, in a complex environment containing various interferents has been a difficult challenge. We describe here a hybrid nanosensor based on the electrochemical reduction of TNT and the interaction of the reduction products with conducting polymer nanojunctions in an ionic liquid. The sensor(More)