Erica E. Benson

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A simple micropropagation method is reported for Primula scotica, a rare plant, endemic to the North of Scotland. The technique involves the clonal proliferation of seed-derived plantlets on either hormone free tissue culture medium or on medium containing benzyl amino purine and indole acetic acid. Average multiplication rates of 4–6 were obtained for(More)
Microalgae are one of the most biologically important elements of worldwide ecology and could be the source of diverse new products and medicines. COBRA (The COnservation of a vital european scientific and Biotechnological Resource: microAlgae and cyanobacteria) is the acronym for a European Union, RTD Infrastructures project (Contract No.(More)
Shoot-tip meristem cryopreservation methodologies are reported for the complementary cryoprotective strategies of vitrification and equilibrium freezing using traditional controlled-rate freezing and chemical additive cryoprotection. Pregrowth, pretreatment, and cold acclimation approaches for the improvement of tolerance to liquid nitrogen are also(More)
The physiological and molecular mechanisms associated with acclimation and survival have been examined in four Ribes genotypes displaying differential cryotolerance. Changes in DNA methylation, nucleic acid and nucleoside composition were determined during acclimation and recovery of in vitro shoot-meristems from cryopreservation. DNA methylation was(More)
We previously reported a genomewide linkage study for human longevity using 308 long-lived individuals (LLI) (centenarians or near-centenarians) in 137 sibships and identified statistically significant linkage within chromosome 4 near microsatellite D4S1564. This interval spans 12 million bp and contains approximately 50 putative genes. To identify the(More)
The development of cryoconservation methods for the long-term storage of algal cultures is important for the ex situ preservation of biological diversity and the maintenance of genetic stability within this group of important organisms. However, as many unicellular algae are recalcitrant to cryogenic storage, this study aims to evaluate the role of(More)
Substantial evidence supports the familial aggregation of exceptional longevity. The existence of rare families demonstrating clustering for this phenotype suggests that a genetic etiology may be an important component. Previous attempts at localizing loci predisposing for exceptional longevity have been limited to association studies of candidate gene(More)
Free radicals have an important role in the metabolism and development of aerobic organisms; however, their uncontrolled production leads to oxidative stress. This paper explores the possibility that free radical mediated stress has a role in tissue culture recalcitrance. In the context of this paper, recalcitrance is considered to be the inabilit of plant(More)
DSC analysis was performed at three points in the cryopreservation process on encapsulated-dehydrated meristems of Ribes ciliatum. Meristems were excised from shoots pre-treated with either sucrose or glucose, encapsulated in alginate beads, dehydrated in sucrose solutions, air dried, and plunged in liquid nitrogen. Thermal analysis revealed glass(More)
Hypocotyl segments of 7-day old seedlings of flax (Linum usitatissimum L.) cultivars Atalante, Flanders, Jitka, Szegedi 30 and Super were screened for organogenesis (shoot and root induction) and embryo-like structure production. A non-destructive assay for hydroxyl radicals (*OH), utilising DMSO as a radical trap, was used to determine *OH formation during(More)