Erica D. Bernstein

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Influenza vaccination is less efficacious in the elderly than in the young. To characterize this age-related decrease in immune response to influenza vaccination, antibody and cell-mediated responses to influenza vaccine were assessed before immunization and 4 weeks after vaccination of a population of 270 healthy elderly individuals (mean age: 80.2 years)(More)
While influenza immunization significantly reduces the risk of pneumonia and associated deaths, vaccination of elderly only affords 30-50% protection against influenza disease. The purpose of this study was to: (1) evaluate the consistency of immune responses across multiple years in young and elderly; (2) determine the contribution of antibody and(More)
Elderly individuals not only demonstrate a greater risk of morbidity and mortality from influenza than the young, but also have greater difficulty mounting a protective response to influenza vaccine. The mechanism of the decreased efficacy of influenza vaccination in the elderly is not well understood. The present study was designed to assess the(More)
Conventional preparations of amphotericin B (AmB) at established therapeutic doses are known to increase nonspecific immune responses. It remains to be established whether higher doses of the less toxic liposomal preparation of AmB maintains a beneficial effect on the immune response to fungal infections. Examination of the effect of treatment of human(More)
The effects of yearly influenza immunization on the level of antibody responses were assessed in 92 healthy elderly subjects immunized over four contiguous years (1993-1996) with a trivalent influenza vaccine that included A/Texas annually. Anti-A/Texas antibodies increased significantly and similarly post-vaccination each year, but returned to comparable(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to determine the clinical significance of serum levels of interleukin 10 and interferon gamma in pediatric patients undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass. METHODS We divided the patients into 2 groups: 8 neonates and 19 non-newborn children. Interleukin 10 and interferon gamma serum levels were quantified before sternotomy,(More)
We have investigated both modifications in natural (innate) immunity caused by chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and the effects of a glycophosphopeptical immunomodulator (Inmunoferón) treatment on COPD-associated immunoalterations. In a double-blinded clinical trial, 60 patients with COPD received glycophosphopeptical or placebo during 90(More)
Immunity and nutritional status are compromised with age, yet the relationship between them is unclear. Immune responses and plasma micronutrient levels of 61 healthy elderly (mean 81 years) and 27 young (mean 27 years) were assessed before and after immunization with trivalent influenza vaccine (FLU). FLU-induced proliferation and IFN-gamma levels of(More)
The decline in the lymphoproliferative response to mitogenic stimuli shows marked heterogeneity in elderly individuals. Adequate nutriture is required for optimal immune function, yet nutritional status may be compromised in the elderly. To address whether this variation in the proliferative response of elderly individuals is related to their nutritional(More)